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Variation in endoglin pathway genes is associated with preeclampsia: A case-control candidate gene association study

Bell, MJ and Roberts, JM and Founds, SA and Jeyabalan, A and Terhorst, L and Conley, YP (2013) Variation in endoglin pathway genes is associated with preeclampsia: A case-control candidate gene association study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13.

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Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia is a hypertensive, multi-system pregnancy disorder whose pathophysiology remains unclear. Elevations in circulating soluble endoglin (sENG) and placental/blood ENG mRNA expression antedate the clinical onset of preeclampsia. This study investigated if endoglin (ENG) pathway genetic variation was also associated with the development of preeclampsia.Methods: We used a case-control candidate gene association design. Data from 355 white (181 preeclampsia cases/174 controls) and 60 black (30 preeclampsia cases/30 controls) women matched on ancestry, age, and parity were analyzed. Tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) and potentially functional SNPs in ENG, TGFβ1, TGFβR1, ALK1, and TGFβR2 were genotyped with iPLEX® and TaqMan®. Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests were used to conduct allele/genotype/haplotype tests in white/black subgroups separately. Odds ratios were computed with binary logistic regression for tSNPs with significant genotype tests.Results: Of the 49 SNPs evaluated, variation in two ENG tSNPs (rs11792480, rs10121110) and one TGFβR2 tSNP (rs6550005) was associated with preeclampsia in white women (P <0.05, each). In black women, variation in two TGFβ1 tSNPs (rs4803455, rs4803457), one TGFβR1 tSNP (rs10739778), and three TGFβR2 tSNPs (rs6550005, rs1346907, rs877572) was associated with preeclampsia (P <0.05, each). Further evaluation of ENG tSNP rs10121110 revealed that white women inheriting the AA genotype were 2.29 times more likely to develop preeclampsia compared to the GG genotype (P = 0.008, [99% CI: 1.02 to 5.13]). For black women, similar evaluation of TGFβ1 tSNP rs4803457 revealed women inheriting the CT genotype were 7.44 times more likely to develop preeclampsia than those with the CC genotype (P = 0.005, [99% CI: 1.19 to 46.41]).Conclusions: ENG pathway genetic variation is associated with preeclampsia. Different ENG pathway genes may be involved in preeclampsia development among white and black women. Additional studies are needed to validate these findings and to determine if genetic variation in ENG pathway genes impacts ENG and sENG levels in preeclampsia. © 2013 Bell et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Bell, MJmjb111@pitt.eduMJB111
Roberts, JM
Founds, SAfoundss@pitt.eduFOUNDSS
Jeyabalan, Aarunj@pitt.eduARUNJ
Terhorst, Llat15@pitt.eduLAT15
Conley, YPyconley@pitt.eduYCONLEY
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Magee-Women's Research Institute
Date: 1 April 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume: 13
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1471-2393-13-82
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
School of Medicine > Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences
School of Nursing > Nursing
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2016 18:08
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:58
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/29738

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