Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

SPRR2A enhances p53 deacetylation through HDAC1 and down regulates p21 promoter activity

Mizuguchi, Y and Specht, S and Lunz, JG and Isse, K and Corbitt, N and Takizawa, T and Demetris, AJ (2012) SPRR2A enhances p53 deacetylation through HDAC1 and down regulates p21 promoter activity. BMC Molecular Biology, 13.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Published Version
Available under License : See the attached license file.

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img] Plain Text (licence)
Available under License : See the attached license file.

Download (1kB)

Abstract

Background: Small proline rich protein (SPRR) 2A is one of 14 SPRR genes that encodes for a skin cross-linking protein, which confers structural integrity to the cornified keratinocyte cell envelope. New evidence, however, shows that SPRR2A is also a critical stress and wound repair modulator: it enables a variety of barrier epithelia to transiently acquire mesenchymal characteristics (EMT) and simultaneously quench reactive oxygen species during wound repair responses. p53 is also widely recognized as the node in cellular stress responses that inhibits EMT and triggers cell-cycle arrest, apoptosis, and cellular senescence. Since some p53-directed processes would seem to impede wound repair of barrier epithelia, we hypothesized that SPRR2A up regulation might counteract these effects and enable/promote wound repair under stressful environmental conditions.Results: Using a well characterized cholangiocarcinoma cell line we show that levels of SPRR2A expression, similar to that seen during stressful biliary wound repair responses, disrupts acetylation and subsequent p53 transcriptional activity. p53 deacetylation is accomplished via two distinct, but possibly related, mechanisms: 1) a reduction of p300 acetylation, thereby interfering with p300-p53 binding and subsequent p300 acetylation of K382 in p53; and 2) an increase in histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) mRNA and protein expression. The p300 CH3 domain is essential for both the autoacetylation of p300 and transference of the acetyl group to p53 and HDAC1 is a component of several non-p300 complexes that enhance p53 deacetylation, ubiquitination, and proteosomal degradation. HDAC1 can also bind the p300-CH3 domain, regulating p300 acetylation and interfering with p300 mediated p53 acetylation. The importance of this pathway is illustrated by showing complete restoration of p53 acetylation and partial restoration of p300 acetylation by treating SPRR2A expressing cells with HDAC1 siRNA.Conclusion: Up-regulation of SPRR2A, similar to that seen during barrier epithelia wound repair responses reduces p53 acetylation by interfering with p300-p53 interactions and by increasing HDAC1 expression. SPRR2A, therefore, functions as a suppressor of p53-dependent transcriptional activity, which otherwise might impede cellular processes needed for epithelial wound repair responses such as EMT. © 2012 Mizuguchi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Mizuguchi, Y
Specht, S
Lunz, JG
Isse, K
Corbitt, N
Takizawa, T
Demetris, AJdemetris@pitt.eduDEMETRIS
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 25 June 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Molecular Biology
Volume: 13
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1471-2199-13-20
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Pathology
School of Medicine > Surgery
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2016 21:00
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 21:58
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/29873

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Altmetric.com


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item