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Neighborhood and weight-related health behaviors in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) Study

Gary-Webb, TL and Baptiste-Roberts, K and Pham, L and Wesche-Thobaben, J and Patricio, J and Pi-Sunyer, FX and Brown, AF and Jones, L and Brancati, FL (2010) Neighborhood and weight-related health behaviors in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) Study. BMC Public Health, 10.

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Background. Previous studies have shown that neighborhood factors are associated with obesity, but few studies have evaluated the association with weight control behaviors. This study aims to conduct a multi-level analysis to examine the relationship between neighborhood SES and weight-related health behaviors. Methods. In this ancillary study to Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) a trial of long-term weight loss among individuals with type 2 diabetes, individual-level data on 1219 participants from 4 clinic sites at baseline were linked to neighborhood-level data at the tract level from the 2000 US Census and other databases. Neighborhood variables included SES (% living below the federal poverty level) and the availability of food stores, convenience stores, and restaurants. Dependent variables included BMI, eating patterns, weight control behaviors and resource use related to food and physical activity. Multi-level models were used to account for individual-level SES and potential confounders. Results. The availability of restaurants was related to several eating and weight control behaviors. Compared to their counterparts in neighborhoods with fewer restaurants, participants in neighborhoods with more restaurants were more likely to eat breakfast (prevalence Ratio [PR] 1.29 95% CI: 1.01-1.62) and lunch (PR = 1.19, 1.04-1.36) at non-fast food restaurants. They were less likely to be attempting weight loss (OR = 0.93, 0.89-0.97) but more likely to engage in weight control behaviors for food and physical activity, respectively, than those who lived in neighborhoods with fewer restaurants. In contrast, neighborhood SES had little association with weight control behaviors. Conclusion. In this selected group of weight loss trial participants, restaurant availability was associated with some weight control practices, but neighborhood SES was not. Future studies should give attention to other populations and to evaluating various aspects of the physical and social environment with weight control practices. © 2010 Gary-Webb et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gary-Webb, TLtgary@pitt.eduTGARY0000-0001-9843-1084
Baptiste-Roberts, K
Pham, L
Wesche-Thobaben, Jjaw15@pitt.eduJAW15
Patricio, J
Pi-Sunyer, FX
Brown, AF
Jones, L
Brancati, FL
Date: 16 July 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: BMC Public Health
Volume: 10
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-312
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2016 18:28
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:56


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