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The Predictors of a Proposed Combat Readiness Test

Huang, Hung-Chun (2017) The Predictors of a Proposed Combat Readiness Test. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Combat readiness is defined as the ability to accomplish missions on the battlefield, and physical fitness is one of the key elements for combat readiness. The U.S. Army recently proposed a new physical fitness test called the Army Combat Readiness Test (ACRT) to replace the three-decade-old Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). Determining which physical fitness components are essential to performing well in the proposed ACRT can help U.S. Army Soldiers to attain the physical fitness required for carrying out their duties. Currently, there are no studies that have examined the relationship between the proposed ACRT performance and the components of physical fitness. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the underlying and modifiable components of physical fitness for the proposed ACRT performance.
Forty-three healthy and physically active male subjects (age: 21.5 2.9 yrs; height: 177.9 7.7 cm; mass: 77.8 11.1 kg) participated in one field test session and one laboratory test session. Subjects were assessed with the proposed ACRT in the field test session and physical fitness measurements in the laboratory test session, which included muscular strength and endurance, postural stability, aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, flexibility, body composition, fat-free mass, and agility. Backward stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to establish a multiple linear regression model to predict time to completion of the proposed ACRT using the physical fitness measurements.
Muscular endurance, aerobic capacity, body composition, fat-free mass, and agility contributed to a model that predict time to completion of the proposed ACRT (R2 = 0.52, p < 0.001). The results indicate that the proposed ACRT assess a combination of physical fitness components, which can be utilized to design a targeted physical fitness training program to enhance combat readiness. Future studies should include greater age range for subjects, female gender, and additional physical fitness components.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Huang, Hung-Chunhuh8@pitt.eduhuh8
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairNagai, Takashitnagai@pitt.edutnagai
Committee CoChairSell,
Committee MemberLovalekar, Mitamital@pitt.edumital
Committee MemberNindl, Bradleybnindl@pitt.edubnindl
Committee MemberConnaboy, Christopherconnaboy@pitt.educonnaboy
Date: 23 January 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 November 2016
Approval Date: 23 January 2017
Submission Date: 24 November 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 178
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Sports Medicine and Nutrition
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: physical fitness; military readiness; combat readiness; fitness test; fitness assessment; fitness training
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 15:59
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2017 06:15


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