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The Impact of Alcohol on Ostracism

Bowdring, Molly (2017) The Impact of Alcohol on Ostracism. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Alcohol is consumed in a variety of social contexts and is generally thought to enhance social functioning (Fairbairn & Sayette, 2014). Yet relatively little research has evaluated how alcohol consumption influences unpleasant social interactions. Social exclusion, or ostracism, is an aversive experience that can prompt emotional and interpersonal turmoil across situations (Williams, 2001). Alcohol may influence both prevalence of and reactions to ostracism. Evaluation of how this negative experience relates to drinking is necessary to further understand social drinking experiences and in particular the role of alcohol when coping with ostracism.
Many laboratory studies of alcohol in social contexts have relied on confederates to create social drinking environments. Research on ostracism has also relied on experimentally manipulating interactions using confederates, in order to induce experiences of exclusion. Although such paradigms provide ideal conditions for testing causal relationships, use of tightly scripted interactions creates atypical social experiences that preclude investigation of the prevalence of naturally arising moments of ostracism or the reciprocal interpersonal influence found in unscripted interactions. The present study employed a novel, unscripted methodology that assessed naturally occurring ostracism during a social drinking interaction. The current research had three primary aims:
Aim 1: To examine the effect of alcohol on the prevalence of ostracism during face-to-face social interactions.
Aim 2: To examine the effect of alcohol on individuals’ behavioral mimicry of interaction partners while being ostracized.
Aim 3: To examine the effect of alcohol on frequency of sipping while being ostracized.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Bowdring, Mollymab446@pitt.edumab446
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSayette,
Committee MemberInagaki,
Committee MemberForest,
Date: 20 January 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 17 October 2016
Approval Date: 20 January 2017
Submission Date: 28 November 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 55
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ostracism, Alcohol, Sip, Mimicry
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2017 14:52
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2017 06:15


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