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Hoyos, Jairo Antonio (2017) LOS LABERINTOS DE LA JOTERÍA: UNA HISTORIA SEXUAL DE LA ESTÉTICA MEXICANA (1917-1934). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Sex is fundamental. This research analyzes the deep entanglements between artistic expression and sexuality in Mexico from 1917-1934. Particularly, I examine the works of effeminate and homosexual artists: Salvador Novo, Xavier Villaurrutia, Agustín Lazo, Elías Nandino, Carlos Pellicer, Germán Pardo García, and Roberto Montenegro. This dissertation is divided into three chapters and a “Coda”. In the first chapter, I explore the genesis of “jotería literaria” in the works of Novo and Villaurrutia. I also develop my concepts of “trans-corporality,” “intimacy,” and “corporal assemblage.” In the second chapter, I study how artists understood the relationship between the body and avant-garde art during the first half of the 1920s: on the one hand, I study the concept of masculine body that supports Manuel Maples Arce’s aesthetic project. On the other, I examine how homosexual artists created an artistic expression for the effeminate male body. In the third chapter, I examine the disputes between communist and homosexuals in Mexico from 1924 to 1934. I analyze how eugenics entangled with public policy and biology to support homophobic political movements. In the first part, I study these entwines through the works of Carlos Gutiérrez Cruz, José Clemente Orozco, and Diego Rivera. In the second part, I study how Novo, Villaurrutia, Lazo, Pellicer, Pardo García, and Nandino’s poetry and paintings created an artistic expression that conveys the experience of homosexual love and sexuality. Finally, this dissertation objective was to write a sexual history of male effeminacy and its relevance in the debates on art and literature in Mexico.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hoyos, Jairo Antoniojah194@pitt.eduJAH194
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee Chairbalderston, danieldbalder@pitt.eduDBALDER
Committee MemberMonasterios, Elizabethelm15@pitt.eduELM15
Committee MemberDuchesne Winter, Juanduchesne@pitt.eduDUCHESNE0000-0002-0763-8205
Committee MemberJosten, Jenniferjej40@pitt.eduJEJ40
Date: 23 January 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 8 November 2016
Approval Date: 23 January 2017
Submission Date: 4 December 2016
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 234
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Joteria, Mexico, art, queer, literature
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 20:07
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2017 06:15


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