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Dyadic person living with dementia/caregiver falls prevention interventions: a literature synthesis

Schaefer, Caitlin (2017) Dyadic person living with dementia/caregiver falls prevention interventions: a literature synthesis. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

People living with dementia experience falls at a disproportionate rate than age-matched adults due to several factors: gait dysfunction, balance disorders, and modifiable external hazards. Currently, falls prevention interventions conducted in this population have had inconclusive results because falls prevention interventions tailored for cognitively normal adults do not translate to those living with dementia, thus leaving a gap in knowledge in this field of research.
Caregivers of people living with dementia may provide a unique aspect to falls prevention interventions as they are in a position to act as co-therapists throughout the course of an intervention. By utilizing caregivers as co-therapists in a dyadic intervention, interventionists are able to rely on them to aid the person living with dementia in the execution of the intervention and to confirm that the person living with dementia is following protocol, which has been shown to be vital in program success in past interventions.
In addition to exploring the relationship between caregiver involvement and outcomes of falls prevention interventions in the dementia population, this literature synthesis will also evaluate the effectiveness of a falls prevention program among people with dementia according to whether people live alone or with family as a proxy for caregiver involvement in falls prevention that has been conducted in Pennsylvania recently.
Dyadic falls prevention in the dementia population is an area of research that requires further exploration. This area of research is significant to public health because public health’s ability to impact society by decreasing hospitalizations and delaying institutionalizations by providing additional years of improved quality of life in the dementia population can save billions of dollars in healthcare costs.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schaefer, Caitlincms198@pitt.eduCMS198
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairAlbert, Stevensmalbert@pitt.edu
Committee MemberTrauth, Jeannettetrauth@pitt.edu
Committee MemberLingler, Jenniferlinglerj@pitt.edu
Date: 27 February 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 22 November 2016
Approval Date: 27 February 2017
Submission Date: 22 October 2016
Release Date: 27 February 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 53
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: caregiver, dementia, falls prevention, dyadic
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 15:00
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 06:15
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/30560

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