Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form


Zhu, Yang (2017) BIODEGRADABLE, THERMALLY RESPONSIVE HYDROGELS FOR MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION TREATMENT. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Download (7MB) | Preview
PDF (Chapter 1 - License)
Download (220kB) | Preview
PDF (Chapter 2 - License)
Download (234kB) | Preview
PDF (Chapter 3 - License)
Download (240kB) | Preview


Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of human mortality and morbidity. Aimed at preventing post-MI pathological left ventricular remodeling, which leads to end-stage heart failure, intramyocardial biomaterial injection was developed and has been rapidly advancing as a strategy to provide mechanical support to the ventricular wall. Various material candidates have been evaluated in clinical and preclinical trials and have presented promising therapeutic outcomes. This growing body of research has stimulated efforts to optimize material properties, identify key mechanistic factors, and implement safer, more adaptable delivery methods.
We previously invented a series of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (polyNIPAAm) based thermally responsive injectable hydrogels which could become hydrophilic and be absorbed in vivo as labile hydrophobic polyester side chains are removed. With advantageous mechanical properties, these hydrogels has shown beneficial effects in small and large animal models of MI. At the same time, there is considerable room for improvement in material design. Hydrogel degradation rates could not be precisely manipulated across a wide range. High viscosity and sol-gel transition of hydrogel solutions below body temperature prohibited catheter based delivery. The bioactivity of the synthetic hydrogels was low, not specifically incorporating activity designed to mitigate adverse responses of MI and the injected hydrogel itself.
Modifications were made on the previous hydrogel platform. We employed the concept of “acid-catalyzed degradation” documented in polyester based scaffold materials and developed an innovative strategy of tailoring the degradation rate of the hydrogel. This allowed tuning hydrogel degradation time from days to months. By copolymerization with more hydrophilic monomers, injectability of the hydrogels through catheters was substantially increased. Patterned subxiphoid transepicardial injections on a beating porcine heart were achieved facilitated by a miniature robotic delivery device. Scavengers for reactive oxygen species were incorporated into the platform design, producing an antioxidant hydrogel which significantly mitigated infarction/reperfusion injury in rat hearts and reduced ventricular cell apoptosis. In a parallel study a connective porous structure was generated in the injected hydrogel and decellularized porcine urinary bladder components were added. Cell infiltration into these hydrogels was greatly increased, and macrophages were polarized towarding a more constructive phenotype.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Zhu, Yangzhuyangzju@gmail.comyaz48
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWagner,
Committee MemberBeckman,
Committee MemberKim,
Committee MemberKimimasa,
Committee MemberWang,
Date: 14 June 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 20 February 2017
Approval Date: 14 June 2017
Submission Date: 1 March 2017
Access Restriction: 1 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 1 year.
Number of Pages: 189
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: myocardial infarction; hydrogel; responsive material; injection therapy
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2018 05:00
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2018 05:15


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item