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Dinámicas del pensamiento político boliviano: Análisis mimético de las obras de René Zavaleta Mercado y H.C.F. Mansilla

Iturralde, Fernando (2017) Dinámicas del pensamiento político boliviano: Análisis mimético de las obras de René Zavaleta Mercado y H.C.F. Mansilla. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the potential contributions of combining two Bolivian essayists’ thought and a general theory or philosophy. René Zavaleta Mercado and H. C. F. Mansilla are two of the most important Bolivian sociologists from the twentieth century and represent two different and somewhat opposed traditions of thought: Marxism and aristocratic conservatism. The richness of their thought and work, though, allows me to consider what kind of similarities can be found between their ideas and the ones we can find in mimetic theory, as developed by French anthropologist of religion, René Girard.
The connections between the ideas of the two sociologists and the philosophical theory are done through a consideration of one event and five concepts that I believe are central in their work: The Bolivian Revolution of 1952; Nation and nationalism; Crisis; the subjects of history; the organization of the State and democracy; and the obstacle that impedes the development of Bolivia. As I try to show, all these concepts relate in a way that can give a complete image of the thought of the two sociologists in the light of several theories they use: from Marxism in many variants, to aristocratism, to Liberalism. All these connections have a transversal skeleton that holds them together: the philosophical and anthropological tenets of mimetic theory.
It is through mimetic theory that it can be shown how both sociologists are concerned with the transformation of under-developed societies into modern societies. This concern is then deployed into a problematic that goes back and forth between a pole of differentiation and identity, and a pole of crisis and loss of differences. Each author has his own strategies to think about this conjuncture and proposes different ideas that can be better interpreted, understood and problematized through the lenses of mimetic theory.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Iturralde, Fernandofai10@pitt.edufai100000-0003-0918-9930
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMonasterios, Elizabethelm15@pitt.eduelm15
Committee MemberBeverley, Johnbrq@pitt.edubrq
Committee MemberDuchesne-Winter, Juanduchesne@pitt.eduduchesne
Committee MemberPérez-Liñán, Aníbalasp27@pitt.eduasp27
Date: 26 June 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 10 April 2017
Approval Date: 26 June 2017
Submission Date: 23 March 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 489
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mimetic theory - Zavaleta Mercado - H.C.F. Mansilla - Revolution - Nationalism - Nation - social crisis - proletarian identity - State - internalized racism - modernization
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 23:50
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 23:50


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