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Essays on Health, Entrepreneurship, and the Labor Market

Liu, Lulu (2017) Essays on Health, Entrepreneurship, and the Labor Market. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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My dissertation is at the intersection of health economics, development economics, and labor economics, with an emphasis on the labor market impact of health interventions and healthcare policies.
The first chapter explores the effect of hypertension control on annual income using data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in rural China. Utilizing the exposure to the interventions as an instrumental variable for blood pressure levels, we found that a one standard deviation decrease in systolic blood pressure can significantly increase annual income by 4.8%. The second chapter investigates the impact of health insurance on entrepreneurs and estimates the alleviation of job lock following a 2009 nationwide healthcare reform---the Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) program. Using 2000-2011 data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey and a difference-in-differences approach with propensity score weighting, we find that URBMI increases self-employment rate by 5.4% for the overall population.
The third chapter analyzes the effect of a major policy change in China---the 2007 Property Rights Law that improved the access to credit. I found evidence that the 2007 Property Rights Law promotes entrepreneurship as measured by the number of owner-mangers in the economy, but has little impact on necessity entrepreneurs.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Liu, Lulululu.liu@pitt.edulul240000-0003-2657-2739
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBerkowitz,
Committee MemberRawski,
Committee MemberTroesken,
Committee MemberZhang,
Date: 26 June 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 7 March 2017
Approval Date: 26 June 2017
Submission Date: 2 March 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 139
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Economics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health Economics, Development Economics, Labor Economics, China
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 00:13
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 00:13

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