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Previously incarcerated transgender women: experiences, needs,and resiliencies

Creasy, Stephanie (2017) Previously incarcerated transgender women: experiences, needs,and resiliencies. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: Transgender women experience higher rates of incarceration than their cisgender counterparts, and this cycle of incarceration and poor health is understudied. Lack of continued healthcare, housing, and employment, as well as economic marginalization, are barriers associated with populations re-entering from incarceration. Additionally, transgender women have unique challenges that may not be addressed in standard re-entry programs. The purpose of this mixed-methods study is to understand the experiences, needs, and resiliencies of previously incarcerated transgender women.
Methods: We use qualitative interviews and mapping to describe lack of access to resources, as well as challenges regarding finding housing, accessing healthcare, and meeting probation and parole requirements. We interviewed 6 transgender women, all of whom are previously incarcerated adults residing in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Additionally, we mapped Allegheny County neighborhoods, mental health providers, and trans-inclusive resources using geographic information system (GIS) software to explore barriers related to transportation and access.
Results: Results indicate that access to healthcare, housing, transportation, and trans-inclusive community support are the most significant barriers to successful re-entry. Furthermore, mapping resources, or the lack thereof, and examining the spatial relationship between low-income neighborhoods and proximity to these resources gives us insight to the challenges or resiliencies faced by transgender women. These analyses suggest that transgender women residing outside the central downtown area of Pittsburgh have increased difficulty regarding access to probation and parole offices, trans-inclusive healthcare, and LGBT community spaces.
Conclusions: Future multilevel public health interventions should incorporate healthcare, trans-inclusive community support, access to stable housing, and the alleviation of transportation barriers in order to break the cycle of incarceration and poor health for transgender women.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Creasy, StephanieSTC69@pitt.eduSTC69
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairEgan, James E.JEE48@pitt.eduJEE48
Committee MemberHawk, Marymeh96@pitt.eduMEH96
Committee MemberFriedman, M. Revelmrf9@pitt.eduMRF9
Date: 29 June 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 12 April 2017
Approval Date: 29 June 2017
Submission Date: 3 April 2017
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 56
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: transgender women, incarceration, health, recidivism, re-entry, reentry, post-release, justice involved, prison industrial complex
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2017 22:31
Last Modified: 01 May 2019 05:15
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/31218

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