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Development and Validation of a Kinematically-Driven Computational Model of the Patellofemoral Joint

Gustafson, Jonathan A. (2017) Development and Validation of a Kinematically-Driven Computational Model of the Patellofemoral Joint. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The patellofemoral joint represents one of the most challenging musculoskeletal systems to understand and manage. Disruption in the normal tracking of the patellofemoral joint can lead to elevated stress and microtrauma to the articular cartilage, cascading to the development of osteoarthritis. To develop effective treatment therapies, relationships between altered patellar motion and subsequent changes in articular cartilage loading must be measured. Computational modeling provides joint-specific changes in contact mechanics, but current techniques are limited by force-based assumptions and lack validation. The objective of this work was to develop a subject-specific modeling framework driven by highly accurate knee joint kinematics as a tool to estimate knee joint contact stress in vivo. First, a repeatable knee joint testing system for simultaneous measurement of patellofemoral joint kinematics and joint contact pressures was established. Measurements of patellofemoral and tibiofemoral translations and rotations were highly repeatable with intraclass correlation coefficients greater than 0.98/0.90 and 0.80/0.97, respectively. Measurements of joint contact pressure were repeatable within 5.3% - 6.8%. Second, a unique patellofemoral modeling framework employing the discrete element method combined with accurate knee joint kinematics was developed using two cadaveric knee joint specimens. Model-generated stresses were validated using experimentally measured pressures. The model predicted the experimental data well, with percent error (%) differences in contact stress distribution being less than 13%, validating the model’s ability to predict the experimental changes in joint contact. Lastly, this validated model was implemented in a group of individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis (n=5) and a control group (n=6) during a downhill walking task. The model predicted unique patellofemoral joint stress patterns between the two groups such that individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis experienced greater (58%) lateral facet joint contact stress early within the loading phase of the gait cycle compared to the control group (38%). This dissertation has validated and implemented a novel modeling technique driven by highly accurate, subject-specific kinematics to estimate patellofemoral joint contact stress during a downhill walking task. Future use of these models can provide quantitative evidence of the effectiveness of current patellofemoral treatment solutions and allow for the development of improved rehabilitation strategies.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gustafson, Jonathan A.jag201@pitt.edujag201
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee MemberElias, John J.John.Elias@akrongeneral.org
Committee MemberMiller, Mark C.mcmllr@pitt.edu
Committee MemberTashman, Scotttashman@me.com
Thesis AdvisorFarrokhi, Shawnshawnfarrokhi@gmail.com
Committee ChairDebski, Richard E.genesis1@pitt.edu
Date: 14 June 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 30 March 2017
Approval Date: 14 June 2017
Submission Date: 25 March 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 205
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: patellofemoral, OA, knee joint, stress, modeling, discrete element
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 15:48
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 15:48
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/31368

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