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Jeong, Keunsoo (2017) DYNAMICS OF GLOBAL AND REGIONAL PIRACY 1996 to 2013 : THE EVOLUTION OF SOMALI PIRACY. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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In an attempt to provide a comprehensive explanation of Somali piracy, this study investigates not only a wide range of piracy issues from both historical and regional perspectives, but also the deeper context of Somali piracy as a particular regional phenomenon. This study adopts a multimethod research. It uses a quantitative approach as a nested framework for a comprehensive qualitative analysis. A process-tracing method based on classification and congruence techniques was then applied to construct a causal mechanism model, which helped to discover how the relevant factors worked together to produce Somali piracy.
This study identifies and traces five evolutionary stages of Somali piracy from its genesis to its demise. Then, this study provides an evolutionary causal model to explain the complex dynamics of Somali piracy. This study explicitly argues that the full development of Somali piracy led to establishing a symbiosis with local governance and community through an embeddedness of crime. This study also discovers interesting and synchronizing trends among militia groups, including Al-Shabaab and the Somali pirate organizations. It finds that the synchronizing trend is inherently related to local state formations. Consequently, the linkage supports the main argument of this study that Somali piracy is a salient reflection of regional power dynamics with regard to state reformation processes. It also denotes the limits of Somali piracy that have resulted in its decay since 2011.
This study leads to several conclusions. First, piracy is an inherently ambiguous issue since it transgresses conventional security boundaries based on the Westphalian concepts of state. Second, piracy is a salient manifestation of complex dynamics among diverse factors with regard to the state reformation process in Somalia. Third, it is necessary to build a causal mechanism consisting of multiple factors at various levels to overcome the limitations of previous studies. This causal model approach can be extended to other examples of regional piracy. Finally, sound policy-making should consider regional contexts as well as the dynamics of the multiple factors that have shaped Somali piracy.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jeong, Keunsoojskymint@gmail.comkej230000-0002-0227-2275
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWilliams, Philridgway1@pitt.eduridgway10000-0002-0432-4104
Committee MemberDunn, Wiiliamdunn@pitt.edudunn0000-0001-8017-450X
Committee MemberKenney, Michaelmkenney@pitt.edumkenney
Committee MemberGochman, Charlesgochman@pitt.edugochman
Date: 27 June 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 17 March 2017
Approval Date: 27 June 2017
Submission Date: 16 April 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 324
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piracy, Transnational Crime, International Security, Africa, Somalia, Nigeria, Indonesia, Governance, State Collapse, Civil War, Process tracing,Causal Mechanism.
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 16:24
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 16:24


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