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Toward a conceptual framework for data sharing practices in social sciences: A profile approach. In the proceedings of the ASIS&T 2016 Annual Meeting

Jeng, Wei and He, Daqing and Oh, Jung Sun (2016) Toward a conceptual framework for data sharing practices in social sciences: A profile approach. In the proceedings of the ASIS&T 2016 Annual Meeting. Proceedings of the ASIS&T 2016 Annual Meeting.

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Abstract

This paper investigates the landscape of data-sharing practices in social sciences via the data sharing profile approach. Guided by two pre-existing conceptual frameworks, Knowledge Infrastructure (KI) and the Theory of Remote Scientific Collaboration (TORSC), we design and test a profile tool that consists of four overarching dimensions for capturing social scientists’ data practices, namely: 1) data characteristics, 2) perceived technical infrastructure, 3) perceived organizational context, and 4) individual characteristics. To ensure that the instrument can be applied in real and practical terms, we conduct a case study by collecting responses from 93 early-career social scientists at two research universities in the Pittsburgh Area, U.S. The results suggest that there is no significant difference, in general, among scholars who prefer quantitative, mixed method, or qualitative research methods in terms of research activities and data-sharing practices. We also confirm that there is a gap between participants’ attitudes about research openness and their actual sharing behaviors, highlighting the need to study the “barrier” in addition to the “incentive” of research data sharing.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jeng, Weiwej9@pitt.eduWEJ9
He, Daqingdah44@pitt.eduDAH44
Oh, Jung Sunjsoh@pitt.eduJSOH
Date: 2016
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the ASIS&T 2016 Annual Meeting
Publisher: Wiley
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Library and Information Science
Refereed: Yes
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 17:42
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 14:01
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/31883

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