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Depressed adolescents’ pupillary response to peer acceptance and rejection: The role of rumination

Stone, Lindsey and Silk, Jennifer and Siegle, Greg and Lee, Kyung Hwa and Stroud, Laura and Nelson, Eric and Dahl, Ron and Jones, Neil (2016) Depressed adolescents’ pupillary response to peer acceptance and rejection: The role of rumination. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 47 (3). 397 - 406.

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Abstract

Heightened emotional reactivity to peer feedback is predictive of adolescents’ depression risk. Examining variation in emotional reactivity within currently depressed adolescents may identify subgroups that struggle the most with these daily interactions. We tested whether trait rumination, which amplifies emotional reactions, explained variance in depressed adolescents’ physiological reactivity to peer feedback, hypothesizing that rumination would be associated with greater pupillary response to peer rejection and diminished response to peer acceptance. Twenty currently depressed adolescents (12-17) completed a virtual peer interaction paradigm where they received fictitious rejection and acceptance feedback. Pupillary response provided a time-sensitive index of physiological arousal. Rumination was associated with greater initial pupil dilation to both peer rejection and acceptance, and diminished late pupillary response to peer acceptance trials only. Results indicate that depressed adolescents high on trait rumination are more reactive to social feedback regardless of valence, but fail to sustain cognitive-affective load on positive feedback.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Stone, Lindseylbs36@pitt.eduLBS36
Silk, Jenniferjss4@pitt.eduJSS4
Siegle, Greg
Lee, Kyung Hwa
Stroud, Laura
Nelson, Eric
Dahl, Ron
Jones, Neil
Date: 2016
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume: 47
Number: 3
Publisher: Springer International
Page Range: 397 - 406
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10578-015-0574-7
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Psychiatry
Refereed: Yes
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10578-0...
Funders: National Institute of Drug Abuse(), Clinical and Translational Science Institute at Univ Pittsburg()
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 16 May 2017 16:06
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2017 20:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/31968

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