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Depressed Adolescents’ Pupillary Response to Peer Acceptance and Rejection: The Role of Rumination

Stone, LB and Silk, JS and Siegle, GJ and Lee, KH and Stroud, LR and Nelson, EE and Dahl, RE and Jones, NP (2016) Depressed Adolescents’ Pupillary Response to Peer Acceptance and Rejection: The Role of Rumination. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 47 (3). 397 - 406. ISSN 0009-398X

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Abstract

© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Heightened emotional reactivity to peer feedback is predictive of adolescents’ depression risk. Examining variation in emotional reactivity within currently depressed adolescents may identify subgroups that struggle the most with these daily interactions. We tested whether trait rumination, which amplifies emotional reactions, explained variance in depressed adolescents’ physiological reactivity to peer feedback, hypothesizing that rumination would be associated with greater pupillary response to peer rejection and diminished response to peer acceptance. Twenty currently depressed adolescents (12–17) completed a virtual peer interaction paradigm where they received fictitious rejection and acceptance feedback. Pupillary response provided a time-sensitive index of physiological arousal. Rumination was associated with greater initial pupil dilation to both peer rejection and acceptance, and diminished late pupillary response to peer acceptance trials only. Results indicate that depressed adolescents high on trait rumination are more reactive to social feedback regardless of valence, but fail to sustain cognitive-affective load on positive feedback.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Stone, LBlbs36@pitt.eduLBS36
Silk, JSjss4@pitt.eduJSS4
Siegle, GJ
Lee, KH
Stroud, LR
Nelson, EE
Dahl, RE
Jones, NP
Date: 1 June 2016
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume: 47
Number: 3
Page Range: 397 - 406
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10578-015-0574-7
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Psychiatry
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0009-398X
Date Deposited: 16 May 2017 16:06
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 09:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/31968

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