Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

THE WAY TO BE MODERN: EMPRESS DOWAGER CIXI’S PORTRAITS OF THE LATE QING DYNASTY

DONG, LIHUI (2017) THE WAY TO BE MODERN: EMPRESS DOWAGER CIXI’S PORTRAITS OF THE LATE QING DYNASTY. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (24MB) | Preview

Abstract

This dissertation discusses portraits of the Empress Dowager Cixi, including her early traditional portraits from the 1860s through the 1890s, oil paintings and photographic portraits during the New Policy Reforms (1901-1908), with the approaches of working on the social political contexts, materials, functions, audiences, transcultural dissemination and circulation of the portraits.

I contend that Cixi’s early masculine portraits were produced as a part of her struggles for power within the inner court after her husband’s death, when another Empress Dowager not only exceeded Cixi’s status, but also somewhat threatened Cixi’s motherly identity. When the inner court situation and Cixi’s concerns changed, especially after 1900, the masculine features were reduced and much more feminine features were shown in Cixi’s portraits. In the early 20th century, during the New Policy Reforms, Cixi changed her image strategies, potential audiences and the functions of her portraits. If the early images of Cixi in Chapter 1 were part of her struggles for imperial power, which were still an inner court issue, in Chapter 2 and Chapter 3, I explored how the production and circulation of Cixi’s personal portraits were upgraded to elements of national strategies or even international cooperation, and how and why Cixi would change her mind not to show her portraits fully with masculine features after 1900.

These portraits not only visually manifest the female leader’s changing project of her image design, but also help to explore the complicated issue related to how China was to become modern at the turn of the 20th century. This was not a passive, isolated, nor one-sided procedure, but was intertwined within interactive international affairs and entangled benefits.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
DONG, LIHUIDONGCHICHI@GMAIL.COMLID22
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGao, Mingluminglu@pitt.eduminglu
Committee CoChairSavage, Kirkksa@pitt.eduksa
Committee MemberLinduff, Katherynlinduff@pitt.edulinduff
Committee MemberRawski, Evelynesrx@pitt.eduesrx
Committee MemberEllenbogen, Joshjme23@pitt.edujme23
Date: 23 September 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 8 May 2017
Approval Date: 23 September 2017
Submission Date: 18 June 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 212
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History of Art and Architecture
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: PORTRAITURE, EMPRESS DOWAGER CIXI, LATE QING DYNASTY, MORDERNITY
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2017 01:27
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2017 01:27
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/32468

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item