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Applications of Emerging Memory in Modern Computer Systems: Storage and Acceleration

LIU, XIAOXIAO (2017) Applications of Emerging Memory in Modern Computer Systems: Storage and Acceleration. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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In recent year, heterogeneous architecture emerges as a promising technology to conquer the constraints in homogeneous multi-core architecture, such as supply voltage scaling, off-chip communication bandwidth, and application parallelism. Various forms of accelerators, e.g., GPU and ASIC, have been extensively studied for their tradeoffs between computation efficiency and adaptivity. But with the increasing demand of the capacity and the technology scaling, accelerators also face limitations on cost-efficiency due to the use of traditional memory technologies and architecture design.
Emerging memory has become a promising memory technology to inspire some new designs by replacing traditional memory technologies in modern computer system. In this dissertation, I will first summarize my research on the application of Spin-transfer torque random access memory (STT-RAM) in GPU memory hierarchy, which offers simple cell structure and non-volatility to enable much smaller cell area than SRAM and almost zero standby power. Then I will introduce my research about memristor implementation as the computation component in the neuromorphic computing accelerator, which has the similarity between the programmable resistance state of memristors and the variable synaptic strengths of biological synapses to simplify the realization of neural network model. At last, a dedicated interconnection network design for multicore neuromorphic computing system will be presented to reduce the prominent average latency and power consumption brought by NoC in a large size neuromorphic computing system.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
LIU, XIAOXIAOxil116@pitt.edxil116
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairChen,
Committee MemberLI,
Committee MemberMelhem,
Committee MemberStanchina,
Committee MemberAkcakaya,
Date: 27 September 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 31 May 2017
Approval Date: 27 September 2017
Submission Date: 3 July 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 111
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Electrical and Computer Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emerging memory, GPGPU, Neuromorphic computing, STT-RAM, Memristor, Heterogeneous computing
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 18:28
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 18:28


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