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Affect Intensity Moderates the Association of Emotional Clarity with Emotion Regulation and Depressive Symptoms in Unselected and Treatment-Seeking Samples

Vine, Vera and Marroquín, Brett (2017) Affect Intensity Moderates the Association of Emotional Clarity with Emotion Regulation and Depressive Symptoms in Unselected and Treatment-Seeking Samples. Cognitive Therapy and Research. pp. 1-15. ISSN 1573-2819

Abstract

Depression is associated with subjective di - culties identifying one’s emotions, known as low emotional clarity, but the mediators and moderators of this relationship are not well understood. We hypothesized that the role of emotional clarity in emotion regulation and, in turn, depres- sion depends on individual di erences in negative a ect intensity. In Study 1, conducted in an unselected sample (N = 119), low emotional clarity more strongly predicted depression symptoms among individuals higher in a ect intensity. In Study 2, conducted in a clinically diagnosed, treatment-seeking sample (N = 245), we examined whether a ect intensity moderated an indirect path of clarity through emotion regulation strategy use that has emerged in previous work. Except when a ect intensity was very low, emotional clarity predicted reappraisal, and except when a ect inten- sity was very high, emotional clarity predicted non-accept- ance and experiential avoidance. By contrast, rumination mediated associations of emotional clarity with depressive symptoms regardless of a ect intensity. Findings support a process model of low emotional clarity in depression that integrates (1) emotion regulatory mediators and (2) modera- tion by negative a ect intensity. Trait di erences in a ect intensity may determine whether and how emotional clarity and regulation processes factor into mood psychopathology.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Vine, Veravjv10@pitt.eduvjv10
Marroquín, Brett
Date: 2017
Journal or Publication Title: Cognitive Therapy and Research
Publisher: Springer
Page Range: pp. 1-15
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10608-017-9870-9
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Psychiatry
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1573-2819
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2017 20:20
Last Modified: 21 May 2021 17:33
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/33226

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