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IMPAIRED EMOTIONAL CLARITY AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: A TRANSDIAGNOSTIC DEFICIT WITH SYMPTOM-SPECIFIC PATHWAYS THROUGH EMOTION REGULATION

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Vine, Vera and Aldao, Amelia (2014) IMPAIRED EMOTIONAL CLARITY AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: A TRANSDIAGNOSTIC DEFICIT WITH SYMPTOM-SPECIFIC PATHWAYS THROUGH EMOTION REGULATION. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33 (4). pp. 319-342.

Abstract

Deficits in emotional clarity, or difficulties identifying which emotions one feels, are increasingly associated with multiple forms of psychopathology. We addressed two fundamental, unresolved issues regarding the transdiagnostic nature of this dysfunction. First, we examined the relationship of deficits in emotional clarity to seven symptom types, accounting for possible confounding effects of overlapping symptoms. We found that deficits in emotional clarity were associated with symptoms of depression, social anxiety, borderline personality, binge eating, and alcohol use, but not anxious arousal or restrictive eating. Second, we tested whether deficits in emotional clarity would relate to psychopathology by way of impaired emotion regulation. Notably, the relationship between deficits in emotional clarity and each symptom type was mediated by a distinct, disorderspecific pattern of emotion regulation deficits. Findings suggest that deficits in emotional clarity can be conceptualized as a transdiagnostic process with diverging mechanisms involving emotion regulation difficulties that vary from disorder to disorder. We discuss these findings within a contextual approach to delineating transdiagnostic processes.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Vine, Veravjv10@pitt.eduvjv10
Aldao, Amelia
Date: 2014
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Volume: 33
Number: 4
Publisher: Guilford Press
Page Range: pp. 319-342
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1521/jscp.2014.33.4.319
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Psychiatry
Refereed: Yes
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 19:05
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2017 19:05
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/33229

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