Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Pennsylvania prescription drug monitoring program: potential public health impact of a national database

Lomauro, Daniel (2018) Pennsylvania prescription drug monitoring program: potential public health impact of a national database. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

[img] Microsoft Word
Submitted Version

Download (350kB)

Abstract

Prescription drug misuse and opioid overdose death have increased significantly in recent years. Many states have implemented Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) as a means to improve prescribing practices and mediate the ongoing opioid crisis in the United States (US). This comprehensive literature review examines the current structure of state-run PDMPs, and legislation surrounding them. More specifically, the Pennsylvania PDMP is examined. Limitations and barriers to use of PDMPs are explored. Recommendations are provided for improving current state-run PDMPs, and a proposal is made for the development of a national-level prescription drug monitoring database.
Public Health Significance: The implementation of a standardized national-level prescription drug monitoring database could have a significant impact on reducing accessible opioids and other substances in the community. This could reduce opioid overdose death rates as discussed in prior studies of the effects of current state-run programs. A national program could also have an impact on decreasing the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C. Literature supports an association between substance use and increased risk of engaging in needle sharing and risky sexual behavior while under the influence of drugs or in seeking drugs. Improving accessibility of patient prescription data through a national database could lead to improved prescribing/tapering of opioid drugs, and improved screening and treatment for substance use; therefore, preventing the progression from prescription drug misuse to injection drug use.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Lomauro, Danieldal109@pitt.edudal109
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFrank, Lindafrankie@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 18 April 2018
Date Type: Acceptance
Number of Pages: 47
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 21:20
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 21:20
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/33457

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item