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The long term effects of conditional cash transfer programs on health: an analysis of Mexico's Oportunidades

Newcomer, Adrienne (2017) The long term effects of conditional cash transfer programs on health: an analysis of Mexico's Oportunidades. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Mexico’s conditional cash transfer program Oportunidades first began in 1997 in highly impoverished rural communities. Since then, the program has expanded throughout Mexico and has been copied by governments worldwide. The program aims to interrupt the intergenerational transmission of poverty by providing cash transfers to parents for sending their children to school, receiving regular check-ups, and complying with various other co-responsibilities. Initial evaluations of the program were positive, but research on its long-term impacts has, thus far, been limited. This paper uses the Mexican Family Life Survey to analyze the long-term impact of Oportunidades on the health of young adults who have aged out of the program. Difference in difference estimators and the fixed-effect regression model are employed to measure the difference in health caused by increased exposure to the program. It is found that longer exposure to Oportunidades does have a statistically significant, positive impact on the health of young adults. These findings suggest that Oportunidades continues to impact former recipients
after they age out of the program and support the theory that the program could help break the
intergenerational cycle of poverty.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Newcomer, Adrienneajn50@pitt.eduajn500000-0002-4784-8856
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGihleb,
Committee MemberGiuntella,
Committee MemberWilson,
Committee MemberGechter,
Date: 13 December 2017
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 1 December 2017
Approval Date: 13 December 2017
Submission Date: 7 December 2017
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 41
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Economics
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: anti-poverty
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2017 20:04
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2017 20:04


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