Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Atomic-Scale In Situ TEM Investigation of Deformation Twinning in HCP Crystals

He, Yang (2018) Atomic-Scale In Situ TEM Investigation of Deformation Twinning in HCP Crystals. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Download (4MB) | Preview


Twinning plays critical role in the deformation of hexagonal close-packed (HCP) metals. Developing HCP alloys with improved properties requires a fundamental knowledge on the twinning mechanisms which, however, remain largely theoretical contentions. Here, by using state-of-the-art in situ transmission electron microscopy, the atomic mechanisms of twinning in HCP metals were unprecedentedly revealed.
Classically, the most prevalent {1 0 -1 2} twinning proceeds by shuffle-gliding of twinning dislocations (TDs). However, this mechanism has been challenged by extensive discrepancies in experiments. Here, it was found that the twinning nucleation and growth were primarily mediated by direct transformation of matrix prismatic planes into twin basal planes, which established the same lattice correspondence as an ideal {1 0 -1 2} twin. In detwinning, the twin boundaries retreated from incoherent basal│prismatic and prismatic│basal interfaces to coherent twin boundaries; thereafter, the classical TD mechanism dominated in the detwinning. The findings demonstrate that the twinning formation is not necessarily a shear-dominated process on the twinning plane. Moreover, a new mechanisms of HCP→FCC transformations was discovered, which proceeded by {1 -1 0 0}hcp→{1 1 1}fcc transformation. The FCC phase assisted the {1 0 -1 2} twinning of the HCP matrix as it transformed back to HCP structure through {1 1 1}fcc→(0 0 0 1)hcp transformation.
It is generally believed that {1 1 -2 1} twinning is mediated by TDs. Here, direct evidences for the TD mechanism and theoretical twinning elements were unambiguously revealed. In stark contrast to the general consensus, atomic shuffles happened along 1/6<1 -1 0 0> on alterative basal planes. Classically, {1 1 -2 2} twinning is a contraction twinning mode. Here, a {1 1 -2 2} tension twinning mode was discovered, wherein basal plane was K2. The finding was further corroborated by the large twinning shear and dominant elementary TDs.
This dissertation resolves long-standing controversies in HCP twinning, reveals prolific new transformation mechanisms pertinent to twinning, and provides crucial information for the twinning-based design and processing of HCP alloys with desired mechanical properties.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMao,
Committee MemberWang,
Committee MemberTevis,
Committee MemberGiannis,
Date: 20 June 2018
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 29 March 2018
Approval Date: 20 June 2018
Submission Date: 26 March 2018
Access Restriction: 1 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 1 year.
Number of Pages: 153
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deformation Twinning, In Situ TEM, Hexagonal Close-Packed Metal, Nanocrystal, Mechanical Properties, Rhenium
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2018 18:37
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 05:15


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item