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Understanding the DYAD: adaptation of a video-based coding system for interactions between adults and young children

Murphy, Ian (2018) Understanding the DYAD: adaptation of a video-based coding system for interactions between adults and young children. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: Supportive relationships with caring adults are among the most important environmental influences on children’s brain development. Children growing up in adverse circumstances are at higher risk for a vast number of negative behavioral and health outcomes. Evidence suggests that improving the quality of interactions between adults and young children can buffer the impact of adversity. Researchers who study adult-child interactions need a reliable tool to assess a wide range of behaviors known to improve child development.
Objectives: (1) Adapt the Simple Interactions video feedback tool to allow for in-depth coding of behavioral interactions between parents and their children aged 3 to 6. (2) Test the reliability of this new coding system.
Methods: 23 videos of parent-child interactions were collected as part of an ongoing research study. A series of flowchart-style diagrams were developed to guide the decision-making process of coding these dyadic interactions.
Results: Three flowchart diagrams, each corresponding to a feature of adult-child relationships shown to support brain development, were developed through a collaboration with the Simple Interactions research team. Analyses of inter-rater reliability demonstrated a high degree of consistency between coders.
Conclusions and Public Health Significance: This measurement system could be used in any research setting geared toward studying children’s social-emotional development. It can be used to improve outcomes for children living in adverse environments through providing in-depth assessment of adult-child interactions.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Murphy, Ianiam24@pitt.eduiam24
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMair, Christinacmair@pitt.educmair
Committee MemberTrauth, Jeanettetrauth@pitt.edutrauth
Committee MemberCameron, Judyjcameron@pitt.edujcameron
Date: 28 June 2018
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 16 April 2018
Approval Date: 28 June 2018
Submission Date: 5 April 2018
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 61
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult-child interactions; Dyadic interactions; Child development; Video assessment; Behavioral assessment
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 19:45
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 19:45
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/34113

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