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Assessing pharmacists’ acceptance of prescription dispensing data infographic to initiate pharmacist-prescriber collaboration and improve patient outcomes

Renner, Hannah M (2018) Assessing pharmacists’ acceptance of prescription dispensing data infographic to initiate pharmacist-prescriber collaboration and improve patient outcomes. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Chronic diseases are the most common, costly, and preventable health problems in the United States. Pharmacist-prescriber collaboration has been shown to enhance patient care and improve patient outcomes, especially regarding chronic disease. The purpose of this study is to assess pharmacists’ acceptability and perceived usefulness of a Prescription Dispensing Data (PDD) infographic as a tool to facilitate community pharmacist-prescriber collaboration. A PDD infographic highlights aggregate patient care data for mutual patients of a pharmacist-prescriber dyad.
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with community pharmacists across the state of Pennsylvania. A convenience sample of independent community pharmacists were recruited at a state pharmacy association annual conference to participate in the study. Study participants that were members of the Pennsylvania Pharmacists Care Network were targeted for recruitment. A 10- to 20-minute face-to-face interview was conducted with each pharmacist to determine how they could use the PDD infographic to initiate collaborative discussions with prescribers. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) guided interview questions, data collection, and analysis. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Two independent reviewers coded the transcripts and came to consensus. Relevant codes were grouped into major categories to identify prevalent themes. Members of the research team met to discuss and agree upon themes.
Ten pharmacists who practice at eight independent community pharmacies in Pennsylvania completed the interview. Six themes pertaining to pharmacists’ acceptability of the PDD infographic to facilitate pharmacist-prescriber collaboration emerged. 1) PDD infographic is an innovative approach for pharmacist-prescriber collaboration 2) PDD infographic is visually appealing and easy to understand 3) Use of actual patient data may increase community pharmacists’ confidence in initiating collaboration with prescribers 4) Prescription dispensing data to create the infographic needs to be easily generated for usability 5) Discussions about quality measures are important to facilitate pharmacist-prescriber collaboration regarding patient care services 6) Using the PDD infographic for pharmacist-prescriber collaboration may improve patient care and health outcomes.
Public Health Significance: The PDD infographic is an innovative approach to initiate pharmacist-prescriber collaborative conversations. Implementing the PDD infographic as part of clinical practice may foster collaboration, team-based care, and improved patient outcomes.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Renner, Hannah Mhannah.renner@pitt.eduhmr27
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFinegold, Daviddnf@pitt.edudnfUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberColey, Kim Ccoley@pitt.educoleyUNSPECIFIED
Date: 26 April 2018
Date Type: Submission
Number of Pages: 33
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Multidisciplinary MPH
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 14:27
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 14:27
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/34138

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