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All opposed: the relationship between public approval and presidential legislative success in Argentina

Thomas, Channing (2018) All opposed: the relationship between public approval and presidential legislative success in Argentina. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This thesis explores the effect of public approval on presidential legislative success as conditional on the presence of presidential majorities using conditional party government (CPG), cartel theory, and agenda setting theory. Highly-disciplined majority parties, acting as cartels, exercise negative agenda setting power to preserve the interests of the party and protect the party label. Presidential majorities exercise negative agenda setting power to constrain their president when the president is unpopular. The empirical analysis in this study models agenda setting, measures explanatory factors of legislative success, and predicts presidential legislative success using all of the presidential legislative bills introduced in Argentina from 1983 to 2015. Approximately sixty percent of all presidential bills in this sample were successfully enacted, leaving some eight hundred and fifty bills that, at some point in the legislative process, failed. The results show that in the Chamber of Deputies the likelihood that a bill is shelved in committee depends on public approval when the chamber is controlled by the opposition or the president’s party; presidential majorities in the Chamber of Deputies are no less likely than the opposition to shelve bills when the president is unpopular. In the Senate, the interaction effect of public approval and majority control shows a positive and statistically significant relationship; whereby presidential majorities are more likely to constrain their own president against public opinion wishes. The unexpected results suggest that partisan behavior differs in the Senate and may be explained by more individualist senators that do not delegate full authority to the party.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Thomas, Channingcet42@pitt.educet420000-0001-5606-4810
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorPerez Linan, Anibalasp27@pitt.eduasp27
Date: 23 April 2018
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 5 April 2018
Approval Date: 23 April 2018
Submission Date: 9 April 2018
Access Restriction: 3 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 3 years.
Number of Pages: 72
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Political Science
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: public approval, presidential legislative success, legislative majorities, agenda setting, Argentina
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2018 19:36
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2021 05:15


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