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Contributing factors to gaps in vaccination coverage in conflict-affected populations

Chatta, Noreen (2017) Contributing factors to gaps in vaccination coverage in conflict-affected populations. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

This review compiles trends in literature related to major factors contributing to low vaccination coverage for refugees, internally displaced persons, and migrants fleeing war and conflict zones. More specifically, this review considers populations fleeing conflict zones to internally displaced camps or refugee camps in neighboring countries or border zones, as well as the prevalence of underimmunization in asylum seekers. Given the rising displacement of persons throughout the world due to ongoing and emerging conflicts, the public health significance and need for effective, well-planned, and increased vaccination coverage to reduce vaccine-preventable disease transmission and outbreaks is extremely important. The methods used involved compiling peer-reviewed articles using a PubMed search. This was done within a literature search period from January 1st, 2002 to December 31st, 2017 and resulted in a review of twenty-six articles. The results of this review can be used to determine methods to identify barriers and major contributing factors to effective vaccination methods and strategies in conflict-affected populations. There is limited but developing research on the direct relation between conflict and vaccine-preventable diseases or infectious diseases. There are also few immediate policy or practice solutions formulated to address the destruction of healthcare infrastructure in conflict zones. Few policy measures in place, further jeopardizes the health of vulnerable populations. Further research is needed to assess gaps in vaccination coverage for emerging conflict zones and regions of the world because of limitations to this strategy, limitations to strategies already in place, and insufficient studies to address this topic.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Chatta, Noreennoc12@pitt.edunoc12
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMatthews, Derrickderrick.matthews@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberHawk, Marymary.hawk@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberKrier, Sarahsek29@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 24 April 2017
Date Type: Submission
Number of Pages: 71
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 14:43
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 15:51
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/34456

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