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Design and Co-simulation of Hierarchical Architecture for Demand Response Control and Coordination

Bhattarai, Bishnu and Lévesque, Martin and Bak-Jensen, Birgitte and Pillai, Jaykrishnan and Maier, Martin and Tipper, David and Myers, Kurt (2017) Design and Co-simulation of Hierarchical Architecture for Demand Response Control and Coordination. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 13 (4). pp. 1806-1816.


Demand response (DR) plays a key role for op- timum asset utilization and to avoid or delay the need of new infrastructure investment. However, coordinated execution of multiple DRs is desired to maximize the DR benefits. In this study, we propose a hierarchical DR architecture (HDRA) to control and coordinate the performance of various DR categories such that the operation of every DR category is backed-up by time delayed action of the others. A reliable, cost-effective communication infrastructure based on ZigBee, WiMAX, and fibers is designed to facilitate the HDRA execution. The performance of the proposed HDRA is demonstrated from the power system and communication perspectives in a cosimulation environment applied to a 0.4 kV/400 kVA real distribution network considering electric vehicles as a potential DR resource (DRR). The power simulation is performed employing a real time digital simulator whereas the communication simulation is performed us- ing OMNeT++. The HDRA performance demonstrated the maximum utilization of available DR potential by facilitating simultaneous execution of multiple DRs and enabling participation of single DRR for multiple grid applications.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Bak-Jensen, Birgitte
Pillai, Jaykrishnan
Maier, Martin
Tipper, Daviddtipper@pitt.eduDTIPPER
Myers, Kurt
Date: 15 August 2017
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Publisher: IEEE
Page Range: pp. 1806-1816
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1109/tii.2016.2634582
Schools and Programs: School of Computing and Information > Telecommunications
Refereed: Yes
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2018 19:21
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2018 19:21


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