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Social media use, personality characteristics, and social isolation among young adults in the United States

Whaite, Erin and Shensa, A and Sidani, JE and Colditz, JB and Primack, BA (2017) Social media use, personality characteristics, and social isolation among young adults in the United States. Personality and Individual Differences, 124. pp. 45-50.

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Abstract

Although increased social media use (SMU) has been linearly associated with increased real-life social isolation (SI), it is unknown whether these associations differ by personality characteristics. With a nationally-representative sample of 1,768 U.S. young adults aged 19–32, we assessed SI using a 4-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System scale, and personality using the 10-item Big Five Inventory. Using ordered logistic regression, we evaluated multivariable associations between SMU, personality characteristics, and SI. Extraversion and agreeableness were associated with lower odds of SI, while neuroticism was associated with higher odds. A significant interaction term demonstrated that the association between SMU and SI differed by conscientiousness. Among those with low conscientiousness, compared with the lowest quartile of SMU, those in the highest quartile had more than three times the odds (AOR=3.20, 95% CI=1.99, 5.15) for increased SI, but there was no significant association among the high conscientiousness group. Interaction terms between SMU and the other four personality characteristics were not significant. Conscientious individuals may approach social media in a way that helps maintain good face-to-face social interactions, reducing perceived SI.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Whaite, Erinwhaite.erin@medstudent.pitt.edu
Shensa, Aars146@pitt.eduARS146
Sidani, JEjes107@pitt.eduJES107
Colditz, JBjbc28@pitt.eduJBC28
Primack, BAbprimack@pitt.eduBPRIMACK
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
Date: 2017
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Personality and Individual Differences
Volume: 124
Page Range: pp. 45-50
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.10.030
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Family Medicine
Refereed: Yes
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2018 14:15
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2018 14:15
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/35413

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