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Medical Outcomes Study (MOS; SF-36) - Personality Studies

Pilkonis, Paul (2018) Medical Outcomes Study (MOS; SF-36) - Personality Studies. [Dataset] (Unpublished)

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This submission contains data and codebooks from several personality studies conducted 1990-2017, organized by assessment instrument. For demographic information about the study participants, please refer to Background Information Questionnaire (BIQ) - Personality Studies (


1. Screening for Personality Disorders ("Screening")

Description: (From Ware & Sherbourne, 1992): The 36-item short-form (SF-36) was constructed to survey health status in the Medical Outcomes Study. The SF-36 was designed for use in clinical practice and research, health policy evaluations, and general population surveys. The SF-36 includes one multi-item scale that assesses eight health concepts: 1) limitations in physical activities because of health problems; 2) limitations in social activities because of physical or emotional problems; 3) limitations in usual role activities because of physical health problems; 4) bodily pain; 5) general mental health (psychological distress and well-being); 6) limitations in usual role activities because of emotional problems; 7) vitality (energy and fatigue); and 8) general health perceptions. The survey was constructed for self-administration by persons 14 years of age and older, and for administration by a trained interviewer in person or by telephone.

The standard form of the instruments asks for participants to reply to questions according to how they have felt over the previous week. The items use Likert-type scales, some with 5 or 6 points and others with 2 or 3 points. Sample items include “How much bodily pain have you had during the past 4 weeks”, and “How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you felt so down in the dumps nothing could cheer you up?

Data Notes: N/A

Reliability: (From McHorney, et al 1994): Reliability coefficients ranged from a low of .65 to a high of .94 across scales (median = .85) and varied somewhat between patient subgroups.

Ware Jr, J. E., & Sherbourne, C. D. (1992). The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Medical care, 473-483.

McHorney, C.A., Ware, J.E., Lu, J.F.R., & Sherbourne, C.D. (1994). The MOS 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): III. Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability across diverse patient groups. Medical Care, 32(1), 40-66.

McHorney, C. A., Ware Jr, J. E., & Raczek, A. E. (1993). The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): II. Psychometric and clinical tests of validity in measuring physical and mental health constructs. Medical care, 247-263.


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Item Type: Dataset
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pilkonis, Paulpap1@pitt.edupap10000-0003-1075-0617
Date: 21 December 2018
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Psychiatry
Related URLs:
Funders: NIMH
Type of Data: Database
Copyright Holders: None
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 18:55
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 18:55


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