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Chasing the tiger: a study on the spread and control of the asian tiger mosquito, Aedes Albopictus

Kapfhammer, Patrick (2018) Chasing the tiger: a study on the spread and control of the asian tiger mosquito, Aedes Albopictus. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Introduction: The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is a vector of public health significance. It is an aggressive, invasive, day-biting mosquito that is a competent disease vector. The Asian tiger mosquito is able to transmit West Nile, zika, dengue, chikungunya and many other viruses. The Allegheny County Health Department monitors the Asian tiger mosquito to control further spreading of this mosquito and prevent illness.
Methods: Oviposition traps and on-site sampling were performed to monitor distribution and relative abundance of Ae. albopictus populations. Public outreach via conversation, distribution of literature and code enforcement were used to engage residents in the reduction of potential mosquito breeding sites present on residential properties.
Results: Ae. albopictus populations emerged in June 2018 and reached peak population levels by September 2018. Public outreach via conversation and literature distribution decreased the number of properties with potential breeding sites by 50%. Code enforcement showed a 100% reduction of residential properties with breeding sites.
Conclusions: Public outreach and code enforcement can be an effective strategy for breeding site reduction but should be focused on small areas because of the time required to perform multiple inspections.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kapfhammer, Patrickpak94@pitt.edupak94
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMartinson, Jeremyjmartins@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberTodaro, WilliamWilliam.Todaro@AlleghenyCounty.USUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 15 December 2018
Date Type: Submission
Number of Pages: 43
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2019 22:10
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2019 22:10


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