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Advancing Whole Building Life Cycle Assessment

Hasik, Vaclav (2019) Advancing Whole Building Life Cycle Assessment. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Growing awareness about building-related resource consumption and vulnerability to natural hazards has resulted in the interest of designing more sustainable and resilient buildings. The building industry has seen an increased uptake of sustainable design practices, development of rating systems addressing building performance, and the use of life cycle assessment (LCA) and performance-based assessment tools; however, there is still a disconnect between these efforts which results in a limited understanding of the tradeoffs between various design decisions. The primary goal of this research is to improve understanding of building sustainability and resilience from a life cycle perspective by combining the knowledge from rating systems and performance-based tools within an expanded whole building LCA. The first step of this research is studying water related performance normally addressed by green building rating systems using life cycle assessment (LCA), specifically comparing environmental impacts of using centralized and decentralized water systems. The second step is understanding how natural hazards can impact the environmental performance of buildings over their lifetime by combining environmental LCA with performance-based earthquake engineering. The final step consists of synthesizing work done in the first two steps with the rest of the typical building LCA knowledge on operational and embodied impacts of buildings. The synthesis is used for a sensitivity analysis on design decisions typically considered during the conceptual phase, which can improve the understanding of the relative importance of the various building performance aspects.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hasik, Vaclavvah16@pitt.eduvah160000-0001-5167-8418
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBilec, Melissambilec@pitt.edumbilec
Committee MemberWarn, Gordongpw1@psu.edu
Committee MemberKhanna, Vikaskhannav@pitt.edukhannav
Committee MemberGilbertson, Leannlmg110@pitt.edulmg110
Date: 19 June 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 22 March 2019
Approval Date: 19 June 2019
Submission Date: 18 February 2019
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 210
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Building design performance, life cycle assessment
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 12:52
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 12:52
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/35980

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