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Clean Platinum Nano-Catalyst Made Easy

Meng, Qiudi (2019) Clean Platinum Nano-Catalyst Made Easy. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Platinum is widely used in electrochemical and gas-phase catalysis due to its excellent stability and high activity toward a range of important reactions. Thus, Pt is also often used to benchmark the activity of other catalysts, especially in electrocatalytic processes involving hydrogen and oxygen [1, 2]. The electrochemical behavior of platinum nanoparticles has been of great interest for many research groups working on fuel cells for a long time. Hence, there are many papers reviewing the size and electrochemical properties of platinum nanocatalysts [3, 4, 5, 6, 7]. In those contexts, several methods have been reported for the preparation of monodisperse Pt nanoparticles whose surfaces are essentially free of contaminants. However, these methods are difficult to implement in an engineering laboratory with limited facilities and expertise for wet chemical synthesis.
We have developed a synthetic procedure for catalytically active Pt nanoparticles that uses only readily available tools and reagents at high safety level, with the goal of making high-quality control experiments in electrocatalysis as easy as possible. Our procedure is based on reduction of aqueous Pt (IV) salts by ascorbic acid in the presence of a polyacrylate capping agent, which can then be removed using a base treatment and a series of solvent washing steps.
Our results show that this method produces a high yield (60%) of 3–4 nm particles exhibiting the characteristic features of clean Pt surfaces in cyclic voltammetry that is comparable to commercial nanoscale platinum catalysts. These nanoparticles also perform well in catalyzing hydrogen evolution and oxidation experiments in a 3-electrode system.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Meng, Qiudiqim17@pitt.eduqim170000000303042815
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMcKone,
Committee MemberFullerton, Susanfullerton@pitt.ed
Committee MemberEnick,
Date: 18 June 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 26 March 2019
Approval Date: 18 June 2019
Submission Date: 4 April 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 73
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Chemical and Petroleum Engineering
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Platinum, catalyst, electrochemistry
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2019 15:55
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 15:55


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