Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Impact of permanent housing on opioid dependence in homeless adults in Allegheny County

Hord, Earl (2019) Impact of permanent housing on opioid dependence in homeless adults in Allegheny County. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

[img] Microsoft Word
Submitted Version
Restricted to University of Pittsburgh users only until April 2022.

Download (106kB) | Request a Copy

Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies have suggested that substance abuse decreases once homeless individuals enter into permanent housing. However, there has not been a consensus on whether this relationship exists.
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate if opioid addiction, measured through methadone maintenance treatments, decreases once homeless adults enter into permanent housing.
Methods: Data were collected from the Allegheny Country Department of Human Services data warehouse. Individuals who enrolled in permanent housing between 2015 and 2017 and had ICD-10 billable codes for Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) were included. The change in MMT after enrollment was evaluated using negative binomial regression models.
Results: The mean number MMT are associated with a small decrease in the time period after housing enrollment compared to the time before enrollment (RR = 0.95). For every increase in month prior to enrollment MMT also increases (RR = 1.02), while monthly MMT decreases slightly after enrollment (RR = 0.99).
Conclusion: Permanent housing may mitigate opioid addiction in homeless adults, and sobriety should not be considered a precursor for enrollment. These findings are significant in the field of public health considering that homeless populations are extremely vulnerable, and we offer evidence for an intervention that can reduce opioid dependence in homeless individuals.


Share

Citation/Export:
Social Networking:
Share |

Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hord, Earleah81@pitt.edueah81@pitt.edu
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFabio, Anthonyafabio@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberMaseru, Noblenam137@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 26 April 2019
Date Type: Submission
Number of Pages: 30
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2019 22:45
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2019 22:45
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/36327

Metrics

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item