Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

The Role of Interpersonal Style in Relational Regulation

Woods, William Coleman (2019) The Role of Interpersonal Style in Relational Regulation. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Download (679kB) | Preview


Relational Regulation Theory (RRT) and Interpersonal Theory describe mechanisms linking social interactions to affect and perceptions of others. RRT describes ordinary, everyday social interactions involving interesting conversation or shared enjoyable activities as integral to affect regulation. Affect regulation elicits feelings of being supported by the interaction partner (i.e., perceived social support) with, with resulting downstream mental health benefits in both everyday life and when under stress. Interpersonal Theory describes social interactions as exchanges of warm (or cold) and dominant (or submissive) behaviors (i.e., interpersonal styles), with favorable affect elicited by interaction partners that engage in behaviors that fulfill interpersonal needs in each other. One elaboration of Interpersonal Theory hypothesizes that when under stress, interpersonal style will augment the effects of receiving support on the perceived supportiveness of the provider. I explored the extent to which interpersonal style incremented the prediction of contemporaneous affect and perceived social support engagement by enjoyed conversation and shared activities. Across three studies (n = 396; n = 288; n = 206), in vivo, in situ reported perception of an interaction partner as warm was linked to better affect and feeling supported. Perceived warmth also predicted better affect and being supported in times of stress; receiving social support was associated with contemporaneous negative affect but greater perceived support. Enjoyment of conversation and shared activity and warmth both predicted better affect and feelings of being supported independently; there were no interaction effects. Yet, the proportion of variance explained increased dramatically when both predictors were entered together, supporting the integration of RRT with Interpersonal Theory.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Woods, William Colemanwcw8@pitt.eduwcw80000-0002-8385-9106
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWright, Aidan G. C.aidan@pitt.eduaidan
Committee MemberOrehek, EdwardOREHEK@pitt.eduorehek
Committee MemberKamarck, Thomas W.tkam@pitt.edutkam
Date: 26 June 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 8 April 2019
Approval Date: 26 June 2019
Submission Date: 10 April 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 77
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Relational Regulation Theory; Interpersonal Theory; Affect; Perceived social support
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 20:07
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2019 20:07


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item