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Depression, daily stress, and interpersonal behavior

Khan, Zara (2019) Depression, daily stress, and interpersonal behavior. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Depression is not just about low; it has personal and social costs as well. According to the stress generation theory, individuals suffering from depression tend to generate life stressors. Given how common both stress and depression are and how they play a large role in many different domains in an individual’s life, this study examined how these two variables play a role in interpersonal interactions. Participants (N = 396) completed six surveys per day for seven consecutive days, on a smartphone application, to report on their social interactions. Participants with elevated depressivity scores experienced more stress, consistent with the stress generation effect. Participants who experienced momentary stress self-reported their interpersonal behavior as cold towards their interaction partner(s). Individuals higher in depressivity also self-reported submissive behavior on average. Depression also amplified the link between stress and submissive behavior. The results of the current study shed further light on the complex interplay between depression, stress, and an individual’s behavior in social situations.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Khan, ZaraZAK31@pitt.eduZAK31
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorWright, Aidanaidan@pitt.eduaidan
Committee MemberWoods, Willwcw8@pitt.eduwcw8
Committee MemberHallion, Laurenhallion@pitt.eduhallion
Committee MemberFournier, Jayfournierjc@upmc.edufournierjc
Date: 29 April 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 18 April 2019
Approval Date: 29 April 2019
Submission Date: 19 April 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 29
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Depression, Stress, Interpersonal Behavior, Stress Generation, Ecological Momentary Assessment
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 15:38
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2019 15:38


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