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Reconciling models and observations of Type Ia supernovae and supernova remnants

MARTÍNEZ RODRÍGUEZ, HÉCTOR (2019) Reconciling models and observations of Type Ia supernovae and supernova remnants. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are the thermonuclear explosions of carbon-oxygen white dwarfs (WDs) in binary stellar systems. After many decades of research, the nature of their progenitors is still unclear. There are two main proposed channels: the single-degenerate scenario, where the WD companion is a non-degenerate star (e.g. a main-sequence star, a sub-giant, a red giant or a helium star), and the double-degenerate scenario, where the WD companion is another WD. Some observational probes, such as the neutron excess in the supernova ejecta and the amount and shape of the circumstellar material left behind in the post-explosion supernova remnant (SNR), are sensitive to the properties of the progenitor before, during and after the thermonuclear runaway. Here, we compare the predictions from models of pre-explosion single-degenerate scenarios, explosive nucleosynthesis, and expanding SNRs with real X-ray spectra of SNRs in order to elucidate the properties of their progenitors. We find that a) there is observational evidence for high neutronization in several Type Ia SNRs, b) this neutron-rich content in the supernova ejecta cannot be explained by current chemical evolution models, as it is in tension with the metallicity distribution functions of the Milky Way and the Large Magellanic Cloud, pointing to a different source for the neutron excess, and c) simple one-dimensional hydrodynamical models with uniform ambient media for expanding SNRs are able to reproduce the bulk properties (Fe Kα centroid energy and luminosity, radius and expansion age) of most known Ia SNRs, with a few exceptions.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBadenes,
Committee MemberHillier,
Committee MemberWood-Vasey,
Committee MemberBoudreau,
Committee MemberWalker,
Date: 25 June 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 27 March 2019
Approval Date: 25 June 2019
Submission Date: 8 April 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 144
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: atomic data – nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis,abundances hydrodynamics ISM: supernova remnants supernovae: general white dwarfs X-rays: ISM
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 21:40
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2019 21:40

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  • Reconciling models and observations of Type Ia supernovae and supernova remnants. (deposited 25 Jun 2019 21:40) [Currently Displayed]


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