Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form


Wang, Wenchen (2019) FAULT-TOLERANT AND REAL-TIME WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR CONTROL SYSTEM. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Download (3MB) | Preview


Wireless control systems (WCSs) enable several advantages over traditional wired industrial monitoring and control systems, including self-organization, flexibility, rapid deployment, and lower maintenance. However, wireless network delay and packet loss can result in two main challenges for the control system: instability and performance degradation. This dissertation aims at solving the instability and performance degradation challenges by developing fault-tolerance and real-time approaches for a WCS.

For the instability challenge, we first developed a fault-tolerant network design and a novel model to meet the control system stability requirement for one-way wireless transmission. The evaluation results showed that our model was accurate with average 4.1\% difference from the simulation result. We scaled the work to two-way wireless transmission to meet the control system stability requirement by analyzing the worst-case end-to-end delay. We carried out an analysis to calculate the maximum number of conflicts that could happen during one message transmission, and then derived the worst-case end-to-end delay. The simulation results showed that our end-to-end delay analysis was accurate within 4.2\% of realistic simulation results.

For the performance degradation challenge, we explored a hybrid offline-online network reconfiguration framework with time-varying link failures to improve control system performance for the WCS with a single physical system. Accordingly, a precise network imperfection model and six reconfiguration algorithms had been developed to quantify and improve the performance, respectively. The case study results showed that our network imperfection model was accurate with Pearson correlation 0.993 and our network reconfiguration approach performed better than the state-of-the-art static scheme. To improve the overall control system performance for the WCS with multiple physical systems, we studied a dynamic packet assignment approach. The case study results demonstrated that our approach was effective in improving the overall control system performance.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Wang, Wenchenwangwenchen0407@gmail.comwew500000-0002-4687-4788
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMosse, Danielmosse@pitt.edumosse
Committee MemberCole, Danieldgcole@pitt.edudgcole
Committee MemberMelhem, Ramimelhem@cs.pitt.edumelhem
Committee MemberZhang,
Date: 25 September 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 27 July 2018
Approval Date: 25 September 2019
Submission Date: 26 April 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 137
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Computer Science
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wireless sensor network, realtime system, cyber physical system, fault tolerance, wireless control system
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 19:35
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 19:35


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item