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Investigating factors in the spread of leprosy through household contacts

Abbareddy, Mounika (2019) Investigating factors in the spread of leprosy through household contacts. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Leprosy is a disease that has been recorded throughout history and is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. Leprosy is still very prevalent in India, where more than half of new cases can be found. The bacterium can be transmitted through droplets or close contact. The purpose of this essay is to examine the transmission of leprosy to household contacts by examining previous research through a literature review and analyzing data that has been collected previously. The public health importance of this essay is that by analyzing the transmission, interventions can be designed to stop this from occurring. Well planned and successful interventions can help to reduce the burden of the disease and will help in the path to its eradication. This research consisted of a literature review and analysis of previously collected data. The literature review showed that males were more susceptible to leprosy and that a closer genetic relation increases the risk of leprosy transmission. More research is needed to discover why males are more susceptible to leprosy than females. Data analysis also showed that most cases occurred among contacts that that had closer genetic relationships with the index cases. The data also showed that the duration between diagnoses of the index and contact cases ranged from 1 year to 16 years. This shows that for successful contact tracing interventions, monitoring should be done for at least 5 years to detect undiagnosed cases. That way, many of the cases that go unnoticed will be diagnosed early on and can be treated early. This will reduce the risk that this new case will transmit it to other contacts.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Abbareddy, Mounikamoa49@pitt.edumoa49
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMartinson, Jeremyjmartins@pitt.edujmartinsUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberRussell, Joannejoanner@pitt.edujoannerUNSPECIFIED
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for Global Health
Date: 26 April 2019
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 34
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2019 19:32
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2019 19:32
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/36656

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