Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Vowel shifts in Cantonese?: Toronto vs. Hong Kong

Tse, Holman (2019) Vowel shifts in Cantonese?: Toronto vs. Hong Kong. Asia-Pacific Language Variation, 5 (1). pp. 67-83. ISSN 2215-1354

Download (620kB) | Preview


This paper addresses Labov’s Principles of Vowel Chain Shifting in Toronto and Hong Kong Cantonese based on sociolinguistic interview data from the Heritage Language Variation and Change in Toronto Project. The analysis is based on the F1 and F2 values of a total of 33,179 vowel tokens from 11 monophthong categories produced by 32 speakers (8 from Hong Kong and 24 from Toronto). Results show the retraction of [y] among Toronto speakers when generational group (immigrated to Canada vs. grew up in Canada) is modeled as a main effect. When age is modeled instead, [i] is shown to be fronting in apparent time. In the Hong Kong group, age is a significant predictor for the lowering of [ɪ], [ʊ], [ɔ], and for the fronting of [ɔ] and [i]. Overall, results show more vowel shifting in Hong Kong than in Toronto as well as vowel shifting consistent with Labov’s Principles.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tse, Holmanhbt3@pitt.eduhbt30000-0002-2398-5776
Date: 13 June 2019
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Asia-Pacific Language Variation
Volume: 5
Number: 1
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Page Range: pp. 67-83
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1075/aplv.19001.tse
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Linguistics
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: heritage languages, bilingualism, sociophonetics, contact linguistics, Chinese language – Yue; sound change
ISSN: 2215-1354
Official URL:
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 13:21
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 13:21


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item