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Preparing for next-generation galaxy surveys

Zhou, Rongpu (2019) Preparing for next-generation galaxy surveys. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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In the 1920s, Edwin Hubble discovered that the Milky Way is merely one of countless galaxies in the Universe, and the relative velocities of these galaxies indicate that the Universe is expanding. Developments in the ensuing decades have solidly established galaxy surveys as a crucial probe of cosmology. In this thesis, I describe my work related to preparations for the next generation of galaxy surveys.

In the first part of the thesis, we present catalogs of calibrated photometry and spectroscopic redshifts in the Extended Groth Strip, intended for studies of photometric redshifts (photo-z's). The data includes ugriz photometry from CFHTLS and Y-band photometry from the Subaru Suprime camera, as well as spectroscopic redshifts from the DEEP2, DEEP3 and 3D-HST surveys. These catalogs incorporate corrections to produce effectively matched-aperture photometry across all bands. We test this catalog with a simple machine learning-based photometric redshift algorithm based upon Random Forest regression, and find that the corrected aperture photometry leads to significant improvement in photo-z accuracy compared to the original SExtractor catalogs from CFHTLS and Subaru. The deep ugrizY photometry and spectroscopic redshifts are well-suited for empirical tests of photometric redshift algorithms for LSST.

In the second part of the thesis, we model the redshift-dependent clustering of a DESI-like LRG sample in the halo occupation distribution (HOD) framework using photometric redshifts (photo-z's). The LRG sample contains 2.7 million objects over a 5655 square degree area and spans the redshift range of 0.4 < z < 0.9. Highly accurate photo-z's are computed using DECam and WISE photometry. We measure the galaxy clustering with the projected correlation function, rather than the angular correlation function, to make optimal use of the photo-z's. We find that there is little evolution in the host halo properties except at the high-redshift end. The bias evolution is mostly consistent with the simple prescription of constant clustering amplitude. We discuss a number of methodological improvements developed as part of this work and how they can be applied to future surveys.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Zhou, Rongpuroz18@pitt.eduroz180000-0001-5381-4372
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairNewman,
Committee MemberFreitas,
Committee MemberMandelbaum,
Committee MemberWood-Vasey,
Committee MemberZentner,
Date: 25 September 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 2 July 2019
Approval Date: 25 September 2019
Submission Date: 17 July 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 114
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: large-scale structure of the universe; cosmology; galaxy evolution
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 15:44
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 15:44


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