Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Bound states of Fermions in one dimension

Tian, Binbin (2019) Bound states of Fermions in one dimension. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

This is the latest version of this item.

Download (5MB) | Preview


The formation of bound states of fermions in one dimension has always been one of the key topics in condensed matter physics. Motivated by recent experimental progresses in Prof. Jeremy Levy's group, we study the interplay of both species (spin and transverse band index) and mass imbalance in a mixture of two or more species of fermions with attractive interactions in one dimension. Previous theoretical and experimental efforts have shown the existence of a Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase for the case of two species with equal mass, in addition to the fully paired and fully polarized phases. For the unequal mass case, there are signatures of trion phases as well. We use DMRG to explore the rich possibilities of quantum phases and their transport signatures for the cases of two and more species of Fermions as we vary the interaction strengths and mass imbalances. With this we can gain insights into ongoing experiments with sketched nanowires in LAO/STO and ultracold atoms confined to one-dimensional tubes.

We also study the formation of bound states in a single component Fermi chain with attractive interactions. The phase diagram, computed from DMRG (density matrix renormalization group), shows not only a superfluid of paired fermions (pair phase) and a liquid of fermion triplets (trion phase), but also a phase with two gapless modes. We show that the latter phase is described by a 2-component Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) theory, consisting of one charged and one emergent neutral mode. We argue based on our numerical data, that the single, pair, and trion phases are descendants of the 2-component TLL theory. We speculate on the nature of the phase transitions amongst these phases.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tian, Binbinbit3@pitt.edubit3
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPekker, Davidpekkerd@pitt.edupekkerd
Committee MemberFrolov, Sergeyfrolovsm@pitt.edufrolovsm
Committee MemberLiu, Vincentwvliu@pitt.eduwvliu
Committee MemberBoyanovsky, Danielboyan@pitt.eduboyan
Committee MemberLeu, Paulpleu@pitt.edupleu
Date: 27 September 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 24 May 2019
Approval Date: 27 September 2019
Submission Date: 29 May 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 164
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: bound states, fermions, Luttinger liquid, emergent
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2019 17:44
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2019 17:44

Available Versions of this Item

  • Bound states of Fermions in one dimension. (deposited 27 Sep 2019 17:44) [Currently Displayed]


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item