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Hearing Protection Use and Intertemporal Choice in Industrial Workers

Garcia, Seth (2019) Hearing Protection Use and Intertemporal Choice in Industrial Workers. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Intertemporal choices represent scenarios where costs and benefits occur at different times, during which individuals tend to devalue larger, future rewards in favor of immediate rewards of less value. The degree to which future rewards lose their value is reflected by their temporal discount rate. The relationship between temporal discounting and behavior has been evaluated in a variety of healthcare studies, with many sources reporting a significant relationship between temporal discounting and unhealthy behaviors. The role of discounting has not been applied to understanding hearing protection device (HPD) habits of industrial workers who are overexposed to occupational noise. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between discounting and HPD compliance for industrial workers. We also examine whether self-efficacy is related to compliance. This study applies a self-administered survey instrument to assess demographics, protective behavior, self-efficacy, and limited health information. Discount rates are elicited using a tool that presents a series of hypothetical monetary choices as a proxy. A logistic regression model was used to analyze whether there is a predictive relationship between temporal discount rates and HPD compliance. The collective contributions of discounting, self-efficacy, and demographics were concurrently analyzed in the model. We found no evidence of a relationship between discount rates and HPD behavior. Self-efficacy and gender were significant predictors of compliance, which has been reported previously. Our findings also provide support for broadening research inclusion criteria when studying worker populations in HPD studies. This study provides the basis for future work investigating the relationship between temporal discounting and HPD compliance.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Garcia, Sethslg113@pitt.eduslg113
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPalmer,
Committee MemberMormer,
Committee MemberDickey,
Committee MemberBryce,
Date: 16 September 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 26 June 2019
Approval Date: 16 September 2019
Submission Date: 22 July 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 126
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Communication Science and Disorders
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hearing protection devices, temporal discounting, intertemporal choice, health decision making
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2019 19:09
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2019 19:09


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