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Interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections in university settings in the US; a literature review

Ortiz, Marianna (2019) Interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections in university settings in the US; a literature review. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) have increased within the past four years in the United States according to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In 2018, it was reported that the United States had 2.3 million cases of sexually transmitted infections diagnosed in the previous year according to preliminary CDC data. Half of these cases are among young adults between the ages of 15 and 24, making university students a high-risk population. This literature review examines STI prevention interventions in university settings in the United States over the past ten years (2009-2019) and seeks to provide recommendations for future public health STI prevention interventions in university settings aiming to reduce rates of STI transmission. A total of eighteen articles were included that met the appropriate parameters for analysis and the data evaluated from this literature review highlight several key themes in intervention design and implementation. First, the majority of STI prevention interventions in this review focus on preventing human papilloma virus (HPV) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) primarily among college-age men. The interventions described in this literature review employ a variety of approaches, including in-person education to increase HPV vaccine uptake and HIV testing, campaigns across campus and online forums to promote HIV testing and increase STI education, personalized text messages to promote testing, and tailored websites to reduce risk reduction behaviors and promote safe sex practices. Barriers to STI prevention intervention efforts in university settings are also identified and include college student knowledge about STI’s, including perceptions, beliefs, substance use, and risky sexual behavior. This literature review points to the need for universities to de-stigmatize STI testing among both male and female students through campus media campaigns, tailored educational resources, and through opportunities to engage with trained medical professionals and peer health advocates in classroom-settings and through the promotion sexual health and testing at every medical visit in campus medical centers.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ortiz, Mariannaortiz.marianna@gmail.commao92
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKrier, Sarahsek29@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberChen, Yuecheny@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberSalter, Cynthiacys6@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 6 August 2019
Date Type: Submission
Number of Pages: 44
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2019 23:48
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2019 23:48
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/37210

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