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Cuisine and the Conquest: Contrasting Two Sixteenth Century Native Populations of the Viceroyalty of Peru

Muñoz Rojas, Lizette / A (2019) Cuisine and the Conquest: Contrasting Two Sixteenth Century Native Populations of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This is a study of the archaeobotanical assemblages and foodways at two sites of the pre-Toledan period in the Andes for which there is relatively little historical documentation or archaeological information. By contrasting indigenous foodways at two Early Colonial (c. AD 1540-1570) sites in the Viceroyalty of Peru, I evaluate variability in how the political, economic, and religious processes set in motion by the Spanish arrival intersected with native practices of food procurement, preparation, and consumption, and the resulting impacts on their cuisine. Two sites provide a chronologically controlled window on the livelihoods of these Andean native populations: Malata, in modern day Peru, was a doctrina village, in which its native dwellers were under the control of Spanish administrators charged with extracting their tribute and labor, and expediting their religious conversion; Porco, in present day Bolivia, was a community of industrial workers brought together from diverse areas and bound to their mining duty by the encomienda (forced tribute extraction) system run by European entrepreneurs. Occupations studied at each site date to a period about which relatively little is known from either archaeological or written sources. These communities differed in the degree to which their native inhabitants were integrated into a new colonial endeavor that itself was shaped by the global economic system. My research utilizes previously excavated soil samples from each site, thus offering a “grassroots” native perspective that is currently lacking from scholarship concerning identity and resistance formation in early colonial Latin America. By adding to our knowledge of daily practice and early “transculturation” processes in the Andes through a household and “foodways view” of this social transformation, this work ultimately addresses constructs of how households react when thrust into a global market economy, and the ways in which everyday practices are used to negotiate tradition and change in ethnogenesis or “third space” settings through the often rupturing event of colonial conquest.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Muñoz Rojas, Lizette / Alam136@pitt.edulam136
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBermann, Marc / Pbermarc@pitt.edubermarc
Committee MemberArkush, Elizabeth / Narkush@pitt.eduarkush
Committee MemberHanks, Bryan / Kbkh5@pitt.edubkh5
Committee MemberVan Buren, Mary /
Committee MemberGoldstein, David /
Date: 27 September 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 18 June 2019
Approval Date: 27 September 2019
Submission Date: 9 August 2019
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 304
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Andes, Archaeobotany, Foodways
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2019 16:28
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2019 16:28


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