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A Case Study Exploring the Implementation of Classroom Physical Activity Time During Instruction in an Elementary Setting

O'Rourke, Janet M. (2019) A Case Study Exploring the Implementation of Classroom Physical Activity Time During Instruction in an Elementary Setting. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Physical activity breaks during instruction provide opportunities for students and teachers to refocus, rejuvenate, and reengage in learning. The exploration of how one school made the decision to include movement into the instructional process, the challenges they faced, the benefits they perceive, and the recommendations they give to other schools that may wish to learn from their story is presented in this case study.
The methods of exploration to inform this study included surveys conducted with teachers and students, interviews of administrators and teachers and focus groups with students. The results found within this inquiry can help other schools in developing movement breaks into classroom instruction time. The majority of participants recommend the use of activity breaks, with some guidance on structure, choice, and process that best meets the needs of the classroom.
Further research is recommended in areas of type of activity, duration of the activity, and the implications related to achievement, attendance, and behavior.
This study was based on learning from others who implemented a non-mandated initiative to inform the possibility of use in other school districts, other schools, and other classrooms.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
O'Rourke, Janet M.jmo64@pitt.edujmo64
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTananis,
Committee MemberGibbs,
Committee MemberLutz,
Committee MemberAloi,
Date: 25 September 2019
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 1 July 2019
Approval Date: 25 September 2019
Submission Date: 3 September 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 88
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Administrative and Policy Studies
Degree: EdD - Doctor of Education
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain Breaks Physical Activity Movement Elementary Instruction
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 15:24
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 15:24


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