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Numerical Simulations of Flow-Induced Vibrations past a Deformable Cylinder

Li, Jiajun (2020) Numerical Simulations of Flow-Induced Vibrations past a Deformable Cylinder. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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When a viscous fluid flows past a blunt body at sufficiently large Reynolds numbers (Re), it naturally develops an oscillatory motion that manifests itself in the time-periodic variation of the wake behind the body, a von Karman vortex street (VKVS). If the body is elastic, the frequency of the oscillations may be close to the natural frequency of the body, thus producing a resonance phenomenon that can lead to catastrophic consequences. A remarkable example is the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridges.
Traditionally, most numerical simulations and experiments are flow past a rigid body. In this thesis, the ANSYS Workbench coupling system was used to investigate this question in the care of an elastic body (FSI) in the shape of a cylinder clamped at both ends. We modeled the cylinder as silicon rubber to allow sufficiently large deformation even at small Renolds numbers. This simulation starts from a relatively low Reynolds number (Re100) up to a medium-range of values (Re2000). Results are compared with flow past a rigid cylinder, and it turns out that quite different phenomena are observed. The deformable cylinder prevents or mitigates vortex shedding to some degree. Besides, bifurcation patterns are varying from those observed in rigid ones. Drag and lift coefficients and displacements plots specifically demonstrate the occurrence of the phenomena. Deep understandings of such phenomena may improve configurations of architectures to avoid flow-induced vibrations and vortex-induced vibrations (VIVs).


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Li, Jiajunjil260@pitt.edujil2600000-0002-7570-9722
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGaldi,
Committee MemberBabaee, Hessamh.babaee@pitt.edu0000-0002-6318-2265
Committee MemberSenocak, Inancsenocak@pitt.edu0000-0003-1967-7583
Date: 28 January 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 14 November 2019
Approval Date: 28 January 2020
Submission Date: 31 October 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 52
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
Degree: MSME - Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vortex shedding, fluid-structure interaction, vortex-induced vibrations, bifurcations.
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 17:51
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2020 17:51


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