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Skeletal and muscle health among rural south indian older population

Jammy, Guru Rajesh (2020) Skeletal and muscle health among rural south indian older population. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

India is at early stages of demographic transition to an aging society, but little is known about musculoskeletal health. Mobility and Independent Living among Elders’ Study (MILES), a rural south Indian older adults’ cohort, provides an opportunity to expand our musculoskeletal health understanding. This dissertation goal was to compare peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) parameters of Indian population with other ethnic groups and, assess its associations with mortality and physical performance.
We observed Indian men compared to US Caucasians had significantly lower trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), cortical thickness and higher endosteal circumference, suggesting higher risk of osteoporotic fractures.
Over an average follow up of 64.2 months, among 499 MILES participants, 123 died (73 men; 50 women). Among men, trabecular vBMD (radius and tibia), cortical vBMD (radius and tibia), cortical thickness (radius and tibia), polar strength strain index (SSIp) of tibia and muscle density were inversely associated and, endosteal circumference (radius and tibia) were positively associated with mortality. Among women cortical vBMD (radius and tibia), cortical thickness (radius and tibia), SSIp (radius and tibia) were inversely associated, and endosteal circumference (radius and tibia) were positively associated with mortality. Gait speed among men mediated the muscle density and mortality association.
On cross sectional analysis; among men, muscle density was associated with grip strength; cortical vBMD (radius), trabecular vBMD (tibia), cortical thickness (tibia), endosteal circumference (tibia) and muscle density were associated with short physical performance battery (SPPB); cortical thickness (tibia) was associated with 400-meter walk. Among women, trabecular vBMD (radius and tibia), cortical thickness (radius and tibia), SSIp (radius) and muscle density were associated with grip strength; cortical vBMD and SSIp of tibia and muscle density were associated with SPPB and; trabecular vBMD (tibia) was associated with 400-meter walk.
These dissertation findings have public health importance; as it suggests Indian older population have lower bone strength indices. It presents for the first time mortality and physical performance associations with bone and muscle measures. These findings indicate the vulnerability of older population in India, and calls attention of policy makers for musculoskeletal health research and inclusion in national programs.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Jammy, Guru Rajeshguj7@pitt.eduguj7@pitt.edu0000-0002-8579-6460
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairCauley, Jane Ajcauley@edc.pitt.edu
Committee MemberNewman, Anne Banewman@pitt.edu
Committee MemberMiljkovic, Ivamiljkovici@edc.pitt.edu
Committee MemberBoudreau, Robert Mboudreaur@edc.pitt.edu
Committee MemberGreenspan, Susan Lynngreenspn@pitt.edu
Date: 29 January 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 7 October 2019
Approval Date: 29 January 2020
Submission Date: 9 November 2019
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 158
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: pQCT, bone, muscle, Indian, older, mortality, physical performance, volumetric bone mineral density, muscle density
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 21:28
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 22:10
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/37766

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