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Ex-post enforcement for cooperative spectrum sharing

Malki, Amer (2020) Ex-post enforcement for cooperative spectrum sharing. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Spectrum sharing policy was introduced to overcome spectrum limitations and inefficient use of spectrum. Spectrum sharing is a reorganization of rights between the spectrum sharing entities. The sharing entities are the Primary User (PU) who holds the spectrum license, and the Secondary User(s) (SU) who uses the spectrum temporarily. Any rights management system requires a set of strategies and technologies to enforce the rights; the timing of the enforcement action (ex-ante and ex-post) also plays a significant role in the rights management system.
In general, ex-ante enforcement measures are designed to prevent stakeholders' rights from being violated, while ex-post enforcement mechanisms deal with addressing the consequences of violating the usage rights policy. From the regulatory and economic perspective, the ex-ante measures are divided into two folds which are: 1) prevention-only measures (monitor-care) and prevention and detection measures (monitor-harm). Current enforcement mechanisms that are used for the spectrum sharing regime rely heavily on prevention-only measures as ex-ante enforcement types, such as exclusion zones and protection zones. Further, the dependency on the prevention-only measures such as the exclusion and protection zones would lead policymakers to use maximal sanctions as the ex-post enforcement.
Determining the role of ex-post enforcement in a spectrum sharing scheme is significant since spectrum sharing will, without doubt, result in interference events. This dissertation will explore the relationship between different enforcement mechanisms in the spectrum-sharing domain and their effects on enforcement costs. There are a number of factors to consider, including the cost and time of adjudication as well as how well the penalty is calibrated to the value of the communication. Further, this dissertation will discuss the use of a database system as an additional ex-ante enforcement measure by adding functionalities to the spectrum sharing regime to balance the use between the ex-ante and ex-post enforcement.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Malki, AmerASM110@pitt.eduASM110
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMartin, Weissmbw@pitt.edu
Committee MemberPrashant, Krishnamurthyprashk@pitt.edu
Committee MemberKonstantinos, Pelechriniskpele@pitt.edu
Committee MemberCarlos Enrique, Caicedo Bastidasccaicedo@syr.edu
Date: 23 January 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 20 November 2019
Approval Date: 23 January 2020
Submission Date: 7 December 2019
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 186
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Computing and Information > Information Science
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spectrum Sharing, Enforcement, Ex-post enforcement
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 19:39
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 19:39
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/37979

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