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Environmental justice metrics contextualize the preterm birth disparity in Allegheny County

Shedlock, Kathleen (2019) Environmental justice metrics contextualize the preterm birth disparity in Allegheny County. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

The Environmental Justice movement began in the South as a response to toxic waste dumping in disproportionately black communities. Today, it encompasses the many inequities and social injustices concentrated in largely black and low-income populations. This disproportionate burden may aid in understanding the lack of birth equity between white and black mothers where individual behaviors fail to fully explain the disparity. This study presents a cross-sectional, ecologic analysis of Environmental Justice metrics and preterm birth in Allegheny County, PA. Overall, areas with the highest level of housing vacancies had significant increases in preterm birth incidence (IRR 1.43, 95% CI 1.22, 1.67). However, race stratified models show a disproportionate impact of diesel particulate matter on preterm birth incidence among black women (IRR 2.20, 95% CI 0.99, 4.87), compared to white women. Ultimately, this analysis contributes a piece to untangling the complex and multifactorial relationship between neighborhood, preterm birth, and race, a matter of great public health significance.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Shedlock, Kathleenkas399@pitt.edukas399
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTalbott, Evelyneot1@pitt.edueot1UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberBrink, LuAnnLuAnn.Brink@alleghenycounty.usUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberMaseru, Noblenam137@pitt.edunam137UNSPECIFIED
Date: 12 December 2019
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 39
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2020 18:11
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 18:11
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/38015

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