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A Systematic Review of Interventions to Reduce Burnout Among Human Service Workers

Littleberry, Alysse (2020) A Systematic Review of Interventions to Reduce Burnout Among Human Service Workers. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: Burnout among human service professionals is a significant public health problem. While systematic reviews on this topic have been conducted, there remains a need for a critical synthesis of intervention studies to prevent or treat burnout in this population that include recent literature and an evaluation of study quality.
Objectives of review: This review aims to answer the following questions: 1) What is the state and quality of evidence that exists regarding burnout interventions for human service workers? 2) What are the best supported interventions to prevent or reduce burnout among human service workers at the individual and organizational levels based on current evidence? 3) What are the gaps in evidence in the existing literature on burnout interventions for human service workers?
Data sources: The data sources for this review include publications in PubMed, PsychInfo, and Medline.
Eligibility Criteria: Studies were eligible if they were English-language and published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Participants: The population of interest were human service workers. For the purposes of this review, nursing personnel, physicians, students and trainees were excluded.
Interventions: Studies were included if a primary or secondary outcome of the intervention was to prevent or reduce burnout or a dimension of burnout and if there were quantitative pre and post intervention measures of burnout.
Study appraisal and synthesis methods: Study characteristics were synthesized into tables and a narrative format and methodologies were evaluated using the EPHPP Quality Assessment Tool.
Results: The final set of publications included 108 interventions at the individual level, 28 at the organizational level, and 6 with components at both levels. Few included publications had moderate or higher risk of bias ratings.
Limitations: The primary limitations of this review were that it was carried about by a single person and may have missed potentially relevant studies.
Conclusions and implications of key findings: There is a need for further, more robust research on interventions at all three levels. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise at reducing burnout at the individual level, but still need further research on diverse samples and with greater follow-up.
Systematic review registration number: The review was not registered.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Littleberry, Alysseadb93@pitt.eduadb930000-0002-6699-9836
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGarland, Richardrig11@pitt.edurig11
Committee MemberDocumet, Patriciapdocumet@pitt.edu
Committee MemberCahalane, Helenhcupgh@pitt.edu
Date: 30 July 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 20 April 2020
Approval Date: 30 July 2020
Submission Date: 31 March 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 105
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Burnout, human service workers, compassion fatigue, job satisfaction, systematic review, compassion satisfaction
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 17:17
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2020 17:22
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/38461

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